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Dedication examples for dissertation

Apr 5, 2018









Elizabeth D. Murphy


Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Maryland at College Park in

partial fulfillment of the requirements

 of the degree of

Doctor of Philosophy





Advisory Committee:

      Professor Kent L. Norman, Chair

      Professor Emerita, Nancy S. Anderson

      Professor, Michael Dougherty

      Professor Katherine J. Klein

      Professor Christine M. Mitchell

      Professor Ben Shneiderman




















     This work is dedicated to my husband, John A. Murphy, without whose caring support it would not have been possible, and to the memory of my parents, Hugh Vincent and Edna Sibley Drummond, who passed on a love of reading and respect for education.





Special thanks to the distinguished faculty members who served on my committee:  Professors Kent L. Norman (chair), Nancy S. Anderson (Emerita), Michael Dougherty, Katherine J. Klein, Christine M. Mitchell, and Ben Shneiderman.  As my advisor, Dr. Norman provided detailed guidance and encouragement throughout the course of preparing for and conducting the research. His belief that it was, indeed, possible to finish kept me going. Dr. Anderson served faithfully on the committee until circumstances prevented her from attending the defense.  I am grateful for the helpful comments she provided on the draft.  Dr. Dougherty kindly filled in for Dr. Anderson, and he provided insightful comments on short notice.  Thanks to all my committee members for their support, patience, encouragement, and useful suggestions.

My thanks go to Walt Truszkowski and Sylvia Sheppard of the NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center for financial support (NASA grant NAG5-3425), which provided equipment and personnel, and for their warm encouragement. Many NASA-Goddard personnel generously contributed their time and operational expertise to answering questions about spacecraft engineering and human decision-making in spacecraft control.  They include Matthew Brandt, David Bradley, Matthew Fatig, Leigh Gatto, Peter Gonzales, Kevin Hartnett, Cathy Penafiel, Christopher Rouff, Robert Sodano, Stacey St. Pierre, Herman Williams, and William Worrall.  Thanks to personnel at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory for their hospitality and willingness to provide information about the missions under their control: Ray Harvey (MSX Mission Manager), Madeleine Marshall (NEAR Mission Director), and Robert Nelson (NEAR anomaly specialist). 

Major programming issues were resolved by Daniel Y. Moshinsky, an outstanding undergraduate laboratory assistant.  Thanks to Daniel for his patience with changing requirements and for brilliantly overcoming many technical obstacles in implementing the experimental simulation as well as the on-line test of spatial ability. Thanks to Kirk Norman, who performed other important programming tasks.  Several undergraduate laboratory assistants helped in administering the experimental treatment.  I'm grateful to Kelly Hennessy, Daniel Moshinsky, and Kirk Norman for their work with participants.

Thanks to a classmate, Heather Tedesco, for providing materials from her doctoral research, from which many questions were drawn for the distractor survey.  Special thanks to many friends who cheered me on from the beginning, especially Lisa Stewart, Paula VanBalen, Kelly Harwood, and Renate Roske-Shelton. For the suggestion that planted the seed, thanks to Dr. Robert Holt of George Mason University, a great teacher. And special thanks to my family for their good-natured forebearance with the process and for their pride in this accomplishment.  It was a team effort.









List of Tables


List of Figures


Chapter 1.  Introduction                           1

     1.1  Background                          1

     1.2  Definition of Terms                      3

     1.3  Literature Review                        5

          1.3.1 Effects of Automation

                on Human Performance               6

          1.3.2 Trust versus Over-reliance

                on Automation                      6

          1.3.3 Passive Monitoring in

                Supervisory Control          11

          1.3.4 Cognitive Demands in

                Autonomous, ASP-based Systems    15

          1.3.5 Limitations in Decision

                Making                            17

          1.3.6 Information Display Needs

                in On-Call Situations             20

          1.3.7 Performance Effects of

                Spatial Visualization

                Ability                           24

     1.4  Research Design                    26

          1.4.1 Independent Variables             26

          1.4.2 Dependent Variables          28

     1.5  Hypotheses                         30


Chapter 2.  Method                                35

     2.1  Participants                            35

2.2  Materials                               36

2.3  Simulation Environment                  37

2.4  Procedure                               40

     2.4.1  Pilot Studies               41

     2.4.2  Pre-Experimental Procedure       41

     2.4.3  Experimental Procedure           43

     2.4.4  Data Capture and Analysis        47


Chapter 3.  Results                               48

     3.1  Effects of Practice                     48

     3.2  Monitoring versus On-Call

          Group Differences                       48

     3.3  Effects of Display-Selection

          Mode                                     54

     3.4  Effects of Display Type                 55

     3.5  Anchoring Effect of Agent

          Confidence                         59

     3.6  Relationships between Subjective

          Confidence Ratings and Performance

          Measures                                61

     3.7  Attitudes toward Automation

          (Reliability and Trust)                63

     3.8  Perceived Need to Monitor

          Automated Systems                       64

     3.9  Effects of Differences in SVA           64


Chapter 4.  Discussion, Design Implications,

and Suggestions for Further Research              75

     4.1  Monitoring versus On-Call

          Conditions                         75

     4.2  Levels of Automation               79

     4.3  Table versus Bar Chart versus

          Line Graph                         80

     4.4  Anchoring and Adjustment                81

     4.5  Subjective Confidence Predicts

          Accuracy                                84

     4.6  Novice Effects in Attitude Findings    85

     4.7  No Change in Rated Need to Monitor      86

     4.8  SVA as a Key Factor in Human-

          Computer Interaction               87

     4.9  General Discussion                      91


Appendix A:  Experimental Materials          94

      Consent Form                                94

Demographics Survey95

             Pre-Experimental Automation Survey         97

      Post-Experimental Automation Survey        99


Appendix B: MOCHA Screen Shots                  100


Appendix C: Training and Test Materials

      MOCHA Problem Descriptions with

      Agent Reasoning                            110

      Sample Status Messages for the

      Monitoring Condition                       115



  Instructions for Research

       Participants and Training in

       the Experimental Task                       116

       Training in System Components               122


Appendix D: Distractor Survey for the

On-Call Condition124


References                                    148












1.        Self-reported Experience

on a Nine-Point Scale                             29


2.        Group Means and Standard Deviations

on the Main Dependent Variables                   42


3.        Tests of Between-Groups Differences

for Accuracy and Speed                            42


  4.  Interaction of MOCHA Grouping Condition

      and Sex on Test Score (Accuracy)                  43


5.  Summary of Linear Regression Analysis

for Display-Selection GroupÕs Prediction

of the Number of Bar Charts Displayed

for Test Tasks                                    45


6.  Summary of Linear Regression Analysis

for Display-Selection GroupÕs Prediction

of the Number of Timelines Displayed

 for Test Tasks                               48


7.  Correlations of Percent Correct Using

Different Display Formats on Practice

Problems and Test Problems                        49


8.  Mean Percent Correct Using Different

Display Formats Across Practice and

Test Problems                                     49


9.  Correlations of Percent Correct Using

Different Display Formats on Test

Problems                                          50


10. Mean Percent Correct Using Different

Display Formats on Test Problems                  50


11. Mean Task-Completion Times Using

Different Display Formats on Test

Problems                                          51


12. Descriptive Statistics for Mean Subjective

Confidence, Mean Test Accuracy, and Mean

Task-Completion Time                              53


13.  Summary of Linear Regression for Mean

 Subjective Confidence as a Hypothesized

 Predictor of Mean Test Accuracy and Mean

 Test Task-Completion Time                        54


14.  Score Ranges, Mean Test Scores (Accuracy)

 and Standard Deviations for the Three SVA

 Groups                                           57


15.  Pre-Test and Post-Test Ratings of the Need

 to Monitor Automated Systems by SVA Groups

 on a Nine-Point Scale                            58


































List of Figures



   1. Research design                                    27


   2. Mean task-completion time (in seconds)

      reaches asymptote over six practice

 tasks.                                            49


   3. Interaction between grouping condition

      (monitoring versus on-call) and sex

      on decision accuracy (mean test score)            53  


   4. SVA groups differ on decision accuracy as

      measured by test score                             66


   5. Scatter plot of SVA score and test score

      for men (R2 = .28)                                 71


   6. Scatter plot of SVA score and test score

      for women (R2 = .12)                               72


   7. Welcome screen with pre-entered subject

      number (125) and monitoring condition



   8. Sample problem from the VZ-2 test of spatial-

      visualization ability (SVA)


   9. Hierarchy of MOCHA components used for pre-

      practice training


  10. Monitoring condition: Status messages

      coming up in the Description area in-

      between problems


  11. Sample MOCHA problem with system data

      displayed in a table


  12. Sample MOCHA problem with system data

      displayed in a bar chart


  13. Sample MOCHA problem with system data

      displayed in a line graph


  14. Manual display mode: Subject was

      given a choice of the display format

         to be presented (table, bar chart, or

         line graph).


     15. The Details dialog box required the

         subject to provide an explanation for

         deciding that, in this case, the actual

         problem was the problem as reported by

         the advanced software process in the

         problem description.


     16. Final screen of the MOCHA experiment









How To Write A Proper Dissertation Dedication: Tips & Examples

A dissertation dedication is a section that includes details about anyone that has helped during the time that you have been doing your course. You can find out more information on who to include later on in this article. Is a dissertation dedication needed?

Whilst many sections of a dissertation are compulsory, the dedication is entirely optional. As a result, it is down to personal choice as to whether or not you choose to include a dedication in your paper.

Where to include a dissertation page

If you do choose to include a dedication in your paper then it should be positioned after the approval page. It is worth noting, though, that as an optional extra, the dedication page is not included in the word count, nor should it be numbered or listed in the table of contents.

Style guidelines for writing a proper dissertation dedication

Whilst you may need to follow very strict writing and style guidelines whilst writing the rest of your paper, there are no formatting or style requirements whilst writing a dedication. As a result, it makes it a lot easier to express yourself as genuinely as possible without worrying about falling foul of any formatting requirements.

Of course, despite not having any strict guidelines to follow, it is advisable to write the section as professionally as possible. If you are choosing to have the rest of the work proofread and edited, then there is no harm in getting this section checked over as well. Even if it is an optional extra, it is important that you maintain high standards throughout the entirety of the paper.

Who to include in a dissertation dedication

If you’re think about including a dedication then you may be wondering who what to include in the section. Essentially, you can include whoever you like and it will generally be concerned with anyone that you feel has supported you during your graduate studies. Quite often, people may include teachers, friends, parents and other relatives, and anyone else that has lent their support.

It is worth noting, however, that you shouldn’t necessarily use the dedication to recognise anyone who may have helped you with any of your academic research. Instead, if you wish to show your gratitude for any support of this nature, then it is best to do so in the acknowledgements page.

Some people go to priests; others to poetry; I to my friends. Virginia Woolf I believe in the brotherhood of man, all men, but I don't believe in brotherhood with anybody who doesn't want brotherhood with me. I believe in treating people right, but I'm not going to waste my time trying to treat somebody right who doesn't know how to return the treatment. Malcolm X

It’s My Life

My name is Ann Smith. I am a senior in high school. Everyone can agree that I am a good student and that I like to study. My favorite subjects are chemistry and biology. I am going to enter the university because my goal is to study these subjects in future and to become a respected professional in one of the fields.

I can say that I am a responsible and a hard-working student. Moreover, being a sociable person, I have many friends since I like to communicate with people and get to know new interesting individuals. I enjoy my time at school: it is really nice to study and the students are very friendly and ready to help. The atmosphere cannot but make me want to go there every time. I like to receive and deal with challenging tasks. I am a very enthusiastic student and I think this is a strong point of mine.

My friends say that I am a very funny and an interesting girl with a good sense of humor. As soon as I meet new people who are happy to meet me, I feel extremely comfortable with them. I believe that friendship is one of the most important values in human life. We exchange new ideas, find many interesting things about each other and experience new things. I appreciate friendship and people who surround me.

Every time I do my best to be a…

Some Essential Tips On How To Write An Essay About Yourself

No matter what’s the purpose of your essay, there is a preset number of points that you will be expected to address.

The main line should be that you are not a robot, and that it is your feelings and emotions that define you as a personality. Do not get stuck with material possessions and what you have achieved in life. That has to do only with a small portion of who you are.

Avoid Unclear Definitions

It is really easy to get lost when you are writing something as vague and as perspective-oriented as an essay about yourself. People tend to choose a number of themes of who they are and try to describe them all.

That would be very confusing for the reader. Not to mention that it would be hard to write and navigate in between those themes. After all, very few people know you well enough, and it is almost certain that your essay is going to be read mostly by strangers or just people who know you marginally.

What you do instead is pick one theme: which light do you want to be seen in? Once you have answered that question, you are ready to go. Stay true to the theme, and you will get a coherent piece that will get you a good grade.

If you are going to write your own essay from the scratch, our manual on «How to write an essay» will be useful for you.

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