# Appendix a thesis paper

May 8, 2018

I am required to insert the word Appendix before the letter A in my dissertation Table of Contents as follows:

Appendix A (title for appendix A)

but the latex thesis cls file I use generates only the letter A followed by the appendix title:

A (title for appendix A)

The thesis cls file defines a "backmatter" command and the appendix is treated as a chapter.

\newcommand\backmatter{\appendix
\def\chaptermark##1{\markboth{%
\ifnum  \[email protected] > \[email protected]  \@chapapp\ \thechapter:  \fi  ##1}{%
\ifnum  \[email protected] > \[email protected]  \@chapapp\ \thechapter:  \fi  ##1}}%
\def\sectionmark##1{\relax}}


Is there a simple fix to the above code that will add the word Appendix before the letter A in the TOC for Appendix A? There is a related question, How to make 'appendix' appear in toc in Latex?, but the answers did not appear to help in this case.

But you have to do what you dream of doing even while you're afraid. Arianna Huffington

An appendix compiles extra information related to the content of a paper. The appendix does not contain the main thesis or major points of a paper; rather, it presents resources for the reader for further reading or further elaborates on related but nonessential topics. Scholarly papers sometimes contain appendices, as they present thorough analyses of subjects and are sometimes published in academic journals.

## Format

Appendices follow either Roman numeral or letter formatting. Writers label the first appendix I, the second II and so on, or Appendix A and Appendix B. Subtopics in appendix sections also take Roman numerals. Therefore, the first subsection of an appendix would look like "I.I." Sometimes writers number charts "Table 1" and pictures "Figure 1." Different citation styles (MLA, APA or Chicago style) have their own formatting requirements for appendices in scholarly papers.

## Uses

Appendices are optional. Writers who wish to elaborate on a point only tangentially related to their subject without weighing down the body of the paper might find including appendices helpful. These kinds of appendices prevent digressions in the middle of a paper that distract or even confuse a reader. Science or mathematics papers might include charts and graphs in appendices. Pictorial representations are also suitable for appendices in feasibility reports.

## Organization

Outside of numbering, writers can organize the information in an appendix as they wish. Of course, coherent and unified paragraphs make the information presented easier to read, but appendices don't require an overall thesis. Writers can use subsections to organize their ideas as well. An appendix that defines specialized terms can simply take a list format.

## Considerations

Writers might be tempted to use appendices as a place to "dump" all of their research and notes, but this method does not help the overall quality of the paper itself. Writers should discard any information in an appendix that diverges too much from the subject of the paper itself. Writers should properly cite all research in an appendix just as they do the rest of the paper.

For longer papers, containing a wealth of information, writing an appendix is a useful way of including information that would otherwise clutter up the paper and mire the reader in over-elaborate details.

Whilst often referred to as a 'dump,' the information should be relevant to the paper, and must be laid out with the same care and attention.

The key point to remember, when you are writing the appendix, is that the information is non-essential. If it were removed, the paper would still be perfectly understandable, and it is simply a place for extra information.

Many papers include the appendix for the peer reviewing process, and then remove it before publication, allowing the quality of the raw information to be verified.

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## Raw Data and Statistics

It is usually good practice to include your raw data within the appendix, laying it out in a neat table and allowing anybody to recheck your results.

The tables that you include within the body of the paper will then be concise and uncluttered, allowing the reader to pick out the important information. Any tables and figures included in the appendix should be numbered as a separate sequence from the main paper, often as Fig A1, Fig A2 etc.

When writing an appendix, it used to be traditional to include the working and any explanations for statistical calculations within the appendix, although this is becoming less common in the age of spreadsheets.

It is a good idea to include a little explanation of what computer program you used, including the version, as each individual version may have its own interpretation. You can also indicate why you used it, as well as additional information that may be useful, such as how many decimal places you rounded to.

The appendix is a good place to put maps, extra photographs and diagrams of apparatus, if you feel that it will help the reader to understand, remembering that the body of the paper should be understandable without them.

For chemistry-based papers, where long and complicated names for compounds are common, you can include the full name in the appendix, and refer to them in the paper by the accepted abbreviation.

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## Writing an Appendix - How Long?

The answer to that really is as long as it needs to be. The appendix should be streamlined, and not too loaded with information, but there is a lot of flexibility.

The appendix does not count towards the word count for your research paper, so you can set the length to suit. If you have a very long and complex paper, with an extremely long appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into sections, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly.

Whilst writing an appendix should not affect the quality or final mark for your research paper, a well-formatted and informative appendix can create a good impression. This attention to detail is what makes your paper stand out from the rest.

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