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Counter terrorism efforts essay help

May 18, 2018

With the terror threat becoming increasingly complex and varied, police are calling on communities to act on their instincts to help prevent atrocities taking place in the UK and overseas.

The national campaign by Counter Terrorism Policing continues to urge the public to act on their instincts to help tackle the terrorist threat.

‘Make nothing happen’ focuses on the critical role the public can play in defeating terrorism. The campaign will be the first under a new branding platform called ACT: Action Counters Terrorism. This urges the public to report suspicious activity to help police bring dangerous offenders to justice and prevent terror attacks in the UK and overseas.

At a time when the scale, volume and complexity of the terrorism threat continues to grow, police are advising the public to act to report any potential suspicious activity or online content they come across and are concerned about.

The public already contribute intelligence to around a third of the most serious terrorism investigations. This new campaign reassures communities that they shouldn’t be concerned about wasting police time or getting someone into trouble.

The message is clear - ‘don’t worry, don’t delay, just act’ by:

Mark Rowley, National Counter Terrorism Policing lead, said:

Since 2014, the threat of terrorism has been severe, which means that an attack is highly likely. When attacks have occurred in the past, people have said that they suspected something was wrong but were worried about wasting police time by coming forward. That couldn’t be more untrue – with some of our highest priority investigations benefiting from information received from the public. We have always said that ‘communities defeat terrorism’. That is why the ACT campaign urges the public to do just that.

It is very encouraging that in a third of cases involving our most serious terrorist suspects we have benefited from information from the public. The number of calls and online reports we receive is also increasing. This is testament to people’s trust in the police - but now we are appealing for even more.

Counter terrorism policing is working hard to keep the public safe and we have, with our partners in the security services, helped stop 13 attacks since the appalling murder of Lee Rigby in May 2013. However, advances in technology make it more complex and challenging for us to spot would-be terrorists because it’s easier for them to be in contact with others and be radicalised in a relatively short space of time.

The threat is becoming more varied and the move towards low-tech attacks on crowded places, like those we have seen in major European cities and beyond, makes it even more important everyone remains vigilant and acts, by calling us confidentially, if they are concerned about suspicious activity.

ACT logo

Security Minister Ben Wallace added:

The horror of recent terrorist attacks in Europe and beyond is a shocking reminder of the threat we all face. We know that we are not immune as the threat to the UK is currently assessed as severe, meaning an attack is highly likely.

Our police and security and intelligence agencies work tirelessly, often unseen, day in and day out to keep families and communities across the country safe. The public also have a vital role to play as they are ideally placed to notice activity which is unusual.

I welcome the police’s ACT campaign which raises awareness about what to look out for and provides people with easy-to-access advice.

Ultimately, this is a job for all of us. I encourage people to follow the campaign’s message to remain alert but not alarmed by the threat and report any concerns to the police.

More information on what to look out for and how to contact police can be found at gov.uk/ACT. You can also report suspicious activity by calling police confidentially on 0800 789 321.

Counter-terrorism strategy has been a key issue since September 11, 2001. Daniel Byman posits, “Most elements of counter-terrorism strategy address one of two different goals: disrupting the group itself, and its operations; or changing the overall environment to defuse the group’s anger or make it harder to raise money or attract recruits” (pg. 121). However, there are some fundamental flaws concerning these simplistic, straightforward approaches. Byman analyzes seven strategic options to combat terrorism; “Unilateral, multilateral action, containment, defense, diversion, delegitimation, and transforming terrorist breeding ground” (pg. 122). Furthermore, while Byman has made some valid observations, it is necessary to educate the public on terrorists threats, how to prevent them, and understand the threat of radical Islam. Moreover, mitigating and disrupting the financial network of a terrorist organization is essential to stopping the growth of terrorism. This essay will explore key decisions on the different approaches to counter-terrorism and determine which strategies are viable for real world application. Unilateral and Multilateral action sound idealistic on paper, but when applied in real life it leads to blow back. Unilateral action involves direct action against your enemy. Unilateral action tends to be popular with the public. Byman asserts, “The goal is to kill (or arrest) those who mean to do harm. In practice, such an approach means going well beyond current counter-terrorism policies and using military forces to kill terrorist members and large numbers of supporters wherever they can be found. According to proponents, killing on a mass scale will both reduce the number of terrorists and intimida... ... middle of paper ... ...fective way for the United States to combat global terrorism without alienating support from the public. The use of sound counter-terrorism tactics and the global terrorism threat is not going away it is here to stay. The U.S. must adapt and implement these changes; otherwise, it will lose the support needed to prevent this terribly real threat. Works Cited Byman, Daniel (2007)'US Counter-terrorism Options: A Taxonomy', Survival, 49:3,121 — 150 Kepel, Gilles. The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2004. Print Lopez, Clare. Shariah: The Threat to America: an Exercise in Competitive Analysis. Washington, DC: Center for Security Policy Press, 2010. Print Mitchell D. Silber and Arvin Bhatt, Radicalization in the West: The Homegrown Threat, New York City Police Department, August 2007.

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The OSCE's guiding principles in countering terrorism

The OSCE makes a comprehensive contribution to international efforts against terrorism led by the United Nations, addressing the manifestations of terrorism, as well as the various social, economic, political and other factors, which might engender conditions in which terrorist organizations could engage in recruitment and win support. 

The OSCE promotes a co-operative and co-ordinated approach to countering terrorism at all levels, including co-ordination among national authorities, co-operation among states, co-operation with relevant international and regional organizations and, where appropriate, establishment of public-private partnerships between state authorities, the private sector (business community, industry), civil society and the media.

These efforts are guided by and supportive of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council, in accordance with the OSCE Consolidated Framework for the Fight against Terrorism.

Strategic focus areas for OSCE counter-terrorism activities

Relevant activities are implemented by OSCE executive structures within their mandates, including the Secretariat, the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Humans Rights, the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media and OSCE field operations.

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