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Example of research paper format apa

May 30, 2018

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General Format


APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

Contributors: Joshua M. Paiz, Elizabeth Angeli, Jodi Wagner, Elena Lawrick, Kristen Moore, Michael Anderson, Lars Soderlund, Allen Brizee, Russell Keck
Last Edited: 2018-02-21 02:26:13

Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA.

To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.

You can also watch our APA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel.

General APA Guidelines

Your essay should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11"), with 1" margins on all sides. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font.

Include a page header  (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page. To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.

Major Paper Sections

Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

Title Page

The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (described above) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Please note that on the title page, your page header/running head should look like this:


Pages after the title page should have a running head that looks like this:


After consulting with publication specialists at the APA, OWL staff learned that the APA 6th edition, first printing sample papers have incorrect examples of running heads on pages after the title page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide.

Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.

Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial(s), and last name. Do not use titles (Dr.) or degrees (PhD).

Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author(s) conducted the research.

This image shows the title page for an APA sixth edition paper.


Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header (described above). On the first line of the abstract page, center the word “Abstract” (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks).

Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words.

You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: (italicized), and then list your keywords. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.

This image shows the Abstract page of an APA paper.

Please see our Sample APA Paper resource to see an example of an APA paper. You may also visit our Additional Resources page for more examples of APA papers.

How to Cite the Purdue OWL in APA

Individual Resources

Contributors' names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL.

Contributors' names (Last edited date). Title of resource. Retrieved from http://Web address for OWL resource

Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from

pdf ico Paper Format - APA @ Conestoga

Headings. Headings can be used in papers to help guide the reader. Ask your instructor if headings are required. The following guidelines show you how to use ...

APA stands for American Psychological Association. The Style Guide stands as a benchmark for academic documents such as books and journal articles. It clearly essays how the guidelines assist the readers with a comprehensive reading in the social and behavioral sciences. To crispify it, it dictates the choice of words that best reduce the complexity and confusion in language. APA has been used for citations and for many other literary purposes. Below are some APA format cover examples for your easy usage.

Abstract in APA Format Example

Abstract in APA Format Example

Are you going to write an abstract in a more sesquipedalian way? Then beware of the editors with hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia. Before that, do you know what all your abstract page should have? Then referring an ideal example is two-way beneficial. It educates and in case you are not so hesitant, you can put it to real-time use as well. This Abstract in APA Format Example contains the topic for research, questions on the same, list of active participants, methodology, results, data analysis, and finally, it draws the conclusions.

Essays in APA Format Example

Essays in APA format Example

Are your essays sounding contradistinguished? Then the problem could be with your format. Are you familiar with the fact that any and every essay, when written on a professional note, should follow a certain set of rules? But again this would differ from one format to another. This Essay in APA format example is typed on a standardized paper with double spaces.

Citations in APA Format Example

Citations in APA Format Example

How are you going to cite your sources? If you fail to follow proper format, they seem syncategorematic. This is the reason Citations more often follow the APA format. This citation in APA format Example follows in-text citation. However, it makes the complete reference available at the end of the work.

Bibliography in APA Format Example

Bibliography in APA Format Example

The bibliography is not only an art student’s cup of coffee, even the science buddies need to deal with them a lot. This section brings you the ideal Bibliography in APA format example, which can be used by both science and art students. This bibliography examples can be used for all kinds of bibliographies.

Literary Review in APA Format Example

Literary Review in APA Format Example

“Why should I let the toad work Squat on my life? Can’t I use my wit as a pitchfork And drive the brute off? Philip Larkin – Toads”The above quotation best brings the need of the hour, using readymade solutions. By putting the quote in the first place, we are hereby trying to recommend the literary review in APA format example to literary lovers. Hope you get connected.

Appendix in APA Format Example

Appendix in APA Format Example

Appendix is a section generally placed at the end of the document in which the writer mentions the information. This information is a reference which is otherwise not possible to mention in the document, because it burdens the reading. This Appendix in APA Format example is spacious and makes your document readable. Also, they are print-ready.

Research Paper in APA Format Example

Research Paper in APA Format Example

Research Papers summarizes the researchers’ hard work in a few pages. Hence they should reflect the labor in a more readable manner. The APA Format Example mentioned in this section helps researchers to project their thesis in a grand manner.

Reference List in APA Format Example

Reference List in APA Format Example

Reference List appears at the end of the paper and provides the necessary information in the form of sources. This Reference List in APA Format Example helps you locate and retrieve the sources quickly.

Cover Letter in APA Format Example

Cover Letter in APA Format Example

Cover Letters hold a prominent role in the professional world. With this Cover Letter in APA Format Example, you can modify any Cover Letter of any position. Use this subject guide now.


Why to use the APA Style?

What if your way of writing doesn’t go well with your editor? What is the guarantee that your style will not be pointed out, in spite of your hard efforts? Hardly any. This is why it is always better if there is a common ground to talk. The Style Guide provides that common ground. If your company adheres to a Style Guide, it takes care of all issues related to the style. Hence you and your editor will be on the same page.

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