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How to write references in research paper ieee format

Jun 7, 2018

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Type of Reference How You Should Format It Article in a periodical Format as follows:[sequence-number] Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided). Author’s last name, (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author), “Title of article (within quotation marks, only initial cap first word and proper nouns),” Journal Title (in italics, initial cap the title of the journal in an upstyle), vol. volume-number, no. edition-number, pp. range-of-page-numbers, publication-year.Example:

[1] I. Thompson, “Women and feminism in technical communication,” Journal of Business and Technical Communication, vol. 13, no. 2, pp.154–178, 1999.

Article in an online journal Format as follows:[sequence-number] Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided). Author’s last name. (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author.) Title of article (do not place within quotation marks, only initial cap first word and proper nouns),” Journal Title (in italics, initial cap the title of the journal in an upstyle). [Online]. Available: complete web address of the article. Example:

[2] M. B. Sarkar, B. Butler, and C. Steinfield. (1995). Intermediaries and cybermediaries: A continuing role for mediating players in the electronic marketplace. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. [Online]. Available: http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol1/issue3/sarkar.html

Book Format as follows:[sequence-number] Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided), Author’s last name, (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author), Book Title (in italics, initial cap the title of the journal in an upstyle). Publisher ‘s city, abbreviation for publisher’s state: Publisher’s name, year of publication.Examples:

[3] M. S. MacNealy, Strategies for Empirical Research in Writing. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.

[4] J. H. Watt and S. A. van den Berg, Research Methods for Communication Science. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1995.

Chapter in a book Format as follows:[sequence-number] Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided). Author’s last name, (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author), “Title of article (within quotation marks, only initial cap first word and proper nouns),” in Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided). Author’s last name, (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author), Book Title (in italics, initial cap the title of the journal in an upstyle). Publisher ‘s city, abbreviation for publisher’s state: Publisher’s name, year of publication, pp. range-of-page-numbers.Example:

[5] S. Kleinmann, “The reciprocal relationship of workplace culture and review,” in Writing in the Workplace: New Research Perspectives, R. Spilka, Ed. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1993, pp. 56–70.

Conference presentation Format as follows:[sequence-number] Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided). Author’s last name, (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author), “Title of presentation (within quotation marks, only initial cap first word and proper nouns),”presented at Conference Name (initial cap the title of the conference in an upstyle), conference city, abbreviation for conference state or country, Month day-day, year.Example:

[6] K. Riley, “Language theory: Application versus practice,” presented at the Conf. of the Modern Language Association, Boston, MA, December 27–30, 1990.

Paper published in a Proceedings Format as follows:[sequence-number] Author’s first initial.  Author’s second initial (if provided). Author’s last name, (If the reference has additional authors, list them in the same way; place the word “and” before the name of the last author), in Proceedings of Conference Name(italicize, initial cap the title of the conference in an upstyle), year, pp. range-of-page-numbers.Example:

[7] K. St.Amant, “Virtual office communication protocols: A system for managing international virtual teams,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Professional Communication Conference, 2005, pp. 703–717.

Website Format as follows:[sequence-number] Name of the website. [Online]. Available: complete web address of the website.Example:

[8] Structural Engineering Society–International.[Online]. Available: http://www.seaint.org

For more examples Check recent articles from the journal for examples.

REPORT

Government Report / Document   CRS Report [#] A. A. Author, “Title of CRS report in sentence case,”Place of Publication, Report Number, year. [Online]. Available: URL [1] M. C. Erwin, "Intelligence issues for Congress,"  Washington DC, USA, CRS Report No. RL33539, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33539.pdf GAO Report [#] A. A. Author, “Title of GAO report in sentence case,”Place of Publication, Report Number, year. [2] C. A. Berrick, "Homeland security: DHS’s progress and challenges in key areas of maritime, aviation, and cybersecurity," Washington, DC, USA, GAO Report No. GAO-10-106, 2000. Other Government Report [#] A. A. Author, “Title of report in sentence case,”Place of Publication, year. [3] B. Obama, "National security strategy," Washington, DC, USA, 2015. Technical Report

Technical Report (online)

With author

[#] A. A. Author. “Title of technical report in sentence case,” Abbrev. Name of Company, Place of Publication, Rep. xxxxxxx, year. [Online]. doi: or Available: URL

[1] S. V. Effendi and X. Vilhjálmsson. “The absorption rate of potatoes in salmonella,” Vet. Stud., Madison, WI, USA, Rep. 17-59, 2009. [Online]. Available: https://vetstud/donteatthosefries.html

Technical Report (online)

With agency as publisher

[#] Agency Name, “Title of technical report in sentence case,” Place of Publication, Rep. xxxxxxx, year. [Online]. doi: or Available: URL

[1] National Toxicology Program, “Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (CASRN 15625-89-5) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1/N mice (Topical Application Studies),” Washington, DC, USA, Rep. TR-576, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/results/pubs/longterm/reports/longterm/tr500580
?/listedreports/tr576/index.html

Technical Report (print)

[#] A. A. Author. “Title of technical report in sentence case,” Abbrev. name of company, Place of Publication, Rep. xxxxxxx, year.

[1] K. A. Abdulatipov and F. Ramazonov. “The absorption rate of E. coli in cats,” Vet. Stud., Madison, WI, USA, Rep. 17-59, 2012.

Think Tank Report / White Paper   Think Tank Report / White Paper [#] A. A. Author, “Title of report in sentence case,” Abbreviated Company, Place of Publication, Report Number, year. doi: or Available: URL [1] L. Dixon, N. Clancy, B. M. Miller, S. Hoegberg, M. M. Lewis, B. Bender et al., “The cost and affordability of flood insurance in New York City,” RAND Corp., Santa Monica, CA, USA, RR-1776-NYCEDC, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR1700/RR1776/
RAND_RR1776.pdf

SECONDARY SOURCE

  Secondary Source

[#] List the secondary source that quotes or discusses the material you are referring to (cite using the appropriate format for the source type—book, journal article, etc.)

In your text: See example.

[1] I. A. M. Nicholson, Inventing Personality: Gordon Allport and the Science of Selfhood. Washington, DC, USA: American Psychological Association, 2003.

In your text: We can see this principle at work in the following passage from Allport’s diary, quoted in [1].

STANDARD   Standard [#] Title of Standard in Title Case and Italics, Standard Number, date. [Online]. doi: or Available: URL [1] Letter Symbols for Quantities, ANSI Standard Y10.5, 1968. [Online]. Available: http://standards.globalspec.com/std/1713423/asme-ansi-y10-5 THESIS / DISSERTATION  

Thesis / Dissertation

From an institutional archive such as the NPS Archive: Calhoun

[#] A. A. Author, “Title of thesis/dissertation in sentence case,” M.S. thesis or Ph.D. dissertation, Abbreviated Department, Abbreviated Institution, Location of Institution, year published. [Online]. doi: or Available: URL

[1] T. D. Moon, “Rising dragon: Infrastructure development and Chinese influence in Vietnam,” M.S. thesis, Dept. of Natl. Sec. Aff., NPS, Monterey, CA, USA, 2009. [Online]. Available: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/4694

Thesis / Dissertation (print)

[#] A. A. Author, “Title of thesis/dissertation in sentence case,” M.S. thesis or Ph.D. dissertation, Abbreviated Department, Abbreviated Institution, Location of Institution, year published. 

[2] J. Rivera, “Software system architecture modeling methodology for naval gun weapon systems,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Comp. Sci., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA, 2010.

UNPUBLISHED / INFORMALLY PUBLISHED WORKS   Unpublished Work Accepted for Publication

[#] A. A. Author, “Title of article in sentence case,” unpublished.

[1] R. Briscoe, “Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception,” unpublished.

WEBSITE / WEBPAGE  

Webpage

Author and publication date given

[#] A. A. Author, “Title, section, or page name in sentence case,” Name of Website in Title Case, full date of publication or modification. [Online]. Available: URL

[1] R. Roth, “75 years ago, the Doolittle Raid changed history,” CNN, April 18, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/18/us/75th-anniversary-doolittle-raid/index.html

Webpage

No author given

Organization as author

[#] “Title, section, or page name in sentence case,” Name of Website in Title Case, full date of publication or modification. [Online]. Available: URL

[2] “Forging papers to sell fake art,” Federal Bureau of Investigation, April 6, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.fbi.gov/news/
stories/forging-papers-to-sell-fake-art

Webpage

No author or date given

[#] “Title, section, or page name in sentence case,” Name of Website in Title Case. Accessed date. [Online]. Available: URL

[3] “About the Department of Defense (DoD),” Department of Defense. Accessed April 18, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.defense.gov/About/

Webpage

Jane's example

[#] “Title, section, or page name in sentence case,” Jane’s by IHS Markit, Full date of publication or modification. [Online]. Available: URL

[4] “Mali: Executive summary,” Jane’s by IHS Markit, May 31, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://janes.ihs.com.libproxy.nps.edu/NorthAfrica/Display/1303746

WIKIPEDIA

  Wikipedia

[#] “Title of entry in sentence case,” Title of Reference Work in Title Case and Italics. Accessed date. [Online]. Available: URL

[1] “Psychology,” Wikipedia. Accessed May 17, 2011. [Online]. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology

WORKING PAPER / OCCASIONAL PAPER   Working Paper / Occasional Paper [#] A. A. Author, “Title of working paper in sentence case,” working paper, Abbreviated Institution or Company, Place of Publication, year. [Online]. doi: or Available: URL  [1] U. Q. Sushi, "Three-handed Fibonacci model for optimizing surface-to-volume ratio of temaki in Hilbert space," working paper, Donburi Inst. of Int. Gastron., Pierre, SD, USA, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://www.wallcrust.com/403t3-9j/340txf%oii%/gonzoponzu.html
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