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Ielts writing task 2 topics advantages disadvantages

Apr 22, 2018

Task: New technologies have changed the way children spend their free time. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

It is true that with the appearance of new technologies, children nowadays spend more time with the latest technological devices. In my opinion, this change can bring both advantages and disadvantages, depending on the parents’ guidance and supervision. By ‘guidance and supervision’, I mean how the parents teach their children what to watch, what to play, how much time should be spent, etc.

On the one hand, without proper guidance and supervision, new technologies may badly affect children in more than one way. First, parents allowing their children to use those devices for too long may lead to health problems in the kids. Those who keep their eyes glued to the screen too much will eventually suffer due to eye-strain. Moreover, spending too much time with those devices means that the kids will have less time playing outside and doing exercises, which can lead to an unhealthy lifestyle that can affect them later in life. Second, the Internet is a place with many things that children should not have been allowed to see yet, things that could affect them mentally, such as pornography and violent stuff. There is a chance that the children will find out these stuff if they are allowed to surf the Internet freely.

On the other hand, under proper guidance and supervision, the new technologies can be utilised for many purposes. They encourage children to spent their free time on broadening their knowledge, thus allowing the children’s talents to be discovered early, as evidenced by those 9-year-old geniuses that work for Apple, IBM, etc. Another reason is that the Internet gives children more opportunities to make friends, both friends from the same country and from others, using social networks like Facebook or Twitter. Consequently, it encourages children to keep a habbit of developing a network of friends, which will be an essential skill when they are older.

In conclusion, new techonologies have both advantages and disadvantages. It is the parents’ responsibility to guide their children so that they can bring out the advantages of those technologies.

(340 words).

Some IELTS writing task 2 questions ask: "Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?" or "Do the benefits outweigh the drawbacks?"

My advice for these questions is to write a paragraph about each side, and make it clear in the introduction and conclusion which side outweighs the other (i.e. your opinion about whether there are more advantages or disadvantages).

This was a recent exam question:

In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities.
Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?

Here are some ideas:

  1. Introduce the topic by paraphrasing the statement, then give a clear opinion about whether there are more advantages or disadvantages.
  2. Advantages - e.g. costs are lower in regional areas; there is more space; provide jobs to boost deprived areas; avoid further overcrowding in cities.
  3. Disadvantages - e.g. greater availability of skilled workers in big cities; better transport and infrastructure; companies based in regional areas are further from their clients, providers and other contacts.
  4. Conclude by summarising your opinion in a different way.

Great minds discuss ideas; average minds discuss events; small minds discuss people. Eleanor Roosevelt

IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

International tourism has brought enormous benefit to many places. At the same time, there is concern about its impact on local inhabitants and the environment.

Do the disadvantages of international tourism outweigh the advantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

The international tourism industry has gone through a boom period in the last decades. This has sparked a heated debate on whether it has more benefits than drawbacks. I opine that although there are some demerits, international tourism has more merits.

On one side of the arguments, some people believe that travels between countries have negative repercussions on locals and the environment. The main disadvantage for inhabitants is that it may threaten their culture. One good illustration of this is that in some muslims countries, things which are forbidden by religious law such as alcohol are permitted to satisfy the needs of tourists. In addition to this, international tourism has a dramatic impact on the environment. In fact, since most of the travels are made by low-cost flights, this leads to excessive emission of CO2. Not only this but also, trees are cut every day in order to build resorts to accommodate tourists. Thus, it is easy to see why this view is gaining support.

Despite these repercussions, international tourism, benefits people considerably. The main reason of believing this is that tourism  boosts the economy of many nations. Apart from the direct money brought by tourists, it brings along investments in various fields which results in a rapid growth. A particularly good example of this is Thailand which expanded economically in the past years due to its popularity among travellers. Seen in this light, international tourism is correlated with economic prosperity impacting positively on people’s lives.

Having considered a range of arguments, I have drawn the conclusion that although there are some negative impacts of international travels on locals and the environment, I argue that they are outweighed by the benefits it brings to the country's economy. It is hoped that governments of the host countries put in motions ,  actions to minimize these disadvantages.

Total Words: 308

Task Achievement: 8

Coherence & Cohesion: 8

Lexical resources: 8

Grammar: 8

Overall Score: Band 8

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