Intro paragraph research paper example
Jun 21, 2018
- A good introductory paragraph 1. gets your reader’s attention, 2. introduces your topic, and 3. presents your stance on the topic (thesis).
Right after your title is the introductory paragraph. Like an appetizer for a meal, the introductory paragraph sets up the reader’s palate and gives him a foretaste of what is to come. You want start your paper on a positive note by putting forth the best writing possible.
Like writing the title, you can wait to write your introductory paragraph until you are done with the body of the paper. Some people prefer to do it this way since they want to know exactly where their paper goes before they make an introduction to it. When you write your introductory paragraph is a matter of personal preference.
Your introductory paragraph needs to accomplish three main things: it must 1. grip your reader, 2. introduce your topic, and 3. present your stance on the topic (in the form of your thesis statement). If you’re writing a large academic paper, you’ll also want to contextualize your paper’s claim by discussing points other writers have made on the topic.
There are a variety of ways this can be achieved. Some writers find it useful to put a quote at the beginning of the introductory paragraph. This is often an effective way of getting the attention of your reader:
“Thomas Jefferson’s statement in the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal” seems contrary to the way he actually lived his life, bringing into question the difference between the man’s public and private lives…”
Hmm. Interesting…Tell me more. This introduction has set off the paper with an interesting quote and makes the reader want to continue reading. How has Jefferson’s public life differed from his private life? Notice how this introduction also helps frame the paper. Now the reader expects to learn about the duality of Thomas Jefferson’s life.
Another common method of opening a paper is to provide a startling statistic or fact. This approach is most useful in essays that relate to current issues, rather than English or scientific essays.
“The fact that one in every five teenagers between the ages of thirteen and fifteen smokes calls into question the efficacy of laws prohibiting advertising cigarettes to children…”
The reader is given an interesting statistic to chew on (the fact that so many children smoke) while you set up your paper. Now your reader is expecting to read an essay on cigarette advertising laws.
When writing English papers, introducing your topic includes introducing your author and the aspect of the text that you’ll be analyzing.
“Love is a widely felt emotion. In The Count of Monte Cristo, Alexandre Dumas uses the universality of love to develop a connection with his reader…”
Here, the reader is introduced to the piece of text that will be analyzed, the author, and the essay topic. Nice.
The previous sample introduction contains a general sentence at the beginning that bring up a very broad topic: love. From there, the introductory paragraph whittles down to something more specific:
how Dumas uses love in his novel to develop a connection with the reader. You’d expect this paragraph to march right on down to the thesis statement,
which belongs at the end of the introductory paragraph. Good introductory paragraphs often have this ‘funnel’ sort of format–going from something broad (such as love) to something more specific until the thesis is presented.
Try to avoid the some of the more hackneyed openers:
- “Have you ever wondered why…”
- “Webster’s dictionary defines…”
- “X is a very important issue facing America today…”
CRLS Research Guide
Ask these questions:
What is it?
An introduction is the first paragraph of a written research paper, or the first thing you say in an oral presentation, or the first thing people see, hear, or experience about your project.
It has two parts:
1. A general introduction to the topic you will be discussing
2. Your Thesis Statement
Why do it?
Without an introduction it is sometimes very difficult for your audience to figure out what you are trying to say. There needs to be a thread of an idea that they will follow through your paper or presentation. The introduction gives the reader the beginning of the piece of thread so they can follow it.
When do I do it?
Many books recommend writing your introduction last, after you finish your
project. This is to make sure that you introduce what you are actually going to
If your project changes in the creating process, it is important to make sure that your introduction accurately reflects what you will be saying. If, however, you have written a good outline and stick to it, then it is fine to start writing your introduction first. Just make sure in your proofreading that you have kept the thread consistent throughout the paper.
How do I do it?
Start with a couple of sentences that introduce your topic to your reader.
You do not have to give too much detailed information; save that for the body of
your paper. Make these sentences as interesting as you can. Through them, you can
hook a reader and get them very interested in the line of thinking you are
going to develop in your project.
Then state your thesis, which may be done in one or more sentences. The length of your introduction depends on the length and complexity of your project, but generally it should not exceed one page unless it is a very long project or a book. The average length of an introduction is one half a page.
Some Examples:BOLD text is the writer's Thesis Statement.
Teenagers in many American cities have been involved in more gangs in the last five years than ever before. These gangs of teens have been committing a lot of violent crimes. The victims of these crimes are both gang members and people outside of gangs. Many people do not want to travel to areas in our cities because of the danger from this problem. For this terrible situation to stop, it is going to take a combined effort on the part of many people. Excellent, supervised after-school programs, more jobs available for teens, and healthy family relationships will go a long way towards ending this crisis in our society.
During the Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East there was much armed conflict between Christians and Muslims. Christians called these conflicts the Crusades because they were fighting under the sign of the cross to save the holy lands of the Bible from being desecrated by non-Christians. However, the true reason for fighting for these lands was less than holy. It was mainly a desire for economic gain that prompted the Christian leaders to send soldiers to fight in the Holy Land.
An introduction gives the reader an idea of where you are going in your project so they can follow along. You can give them more background details and supporting evidence for your thesis in the body of the paper itself.
For the example, the regular text is the general introduction to the topic. Thetext is the writer's Thesis Statement.An introduction gives the reader an idea of where you are going in your project so they can follow along. You can give them more background details and supporting evidence for your thesis in the body of the paper itself.
Happiness is a butterfly, which when pursued, is always beyond your grasp, but which, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you. Nathaniel Hawthorne
02 Aug 2017
On the verge of writing a research paper, you should prepare an introduction. These few dozens of sentences will form the imaginary about the whole investigation. You should explain the topic you have chosen and tell about the importance and actuality of your investigation. This could be a strange idea to write the beginning after composing the whole essay, but you should try to follow it.
What Is Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper
If your exploration were a human, the introduction would be the best way of acquaintance. Besides, the intro should be concluded a thesis statement. This part of your work is aimed to help the reader to define if he or she wants to read the paper at all. Intro paragraph or even few paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper. Moreover, all that you write in the inception should attract the attention of the reader.
How to Write a Research Paper Introduction
After writing the essay, you will have the broad picture. This will help you spot the main points and include them into an intro. These tips will attract your reader’s attention, provide interest to read the whole essay, define the thesis statement and arrange the background of your theme. There also few simple tricks which can help you make your research paper introduction the best one:
- Declare Your Research Theme
The first sentences should be common about the broad topic. Then you should tell about your topic. This is called an inverted triangle when you start with the broad theme and then narrow it.
- Be Original
If you write a research paper in humanities, you can start the inception with a quotation, life story or even an anecdote. If your investigation area is science or medicine, you can write an extremely interesting fact or even shocking fact. Such approach will help you make your research paper introduction attractive.
- Explain Key Terms
You should explain key terms and concepts in the introduction to avoid reader’s confusion later. Make your investigation clear and understandable.
- Size Is Important
You should find your own ideal size of the introduction. It should be short enough to be readable and gain the attention of the reader and long enough to explain all of the main features of your exploration.
- Refer to the Key Words
The key words should be used in the introduction. The aim of this trick is to make your research paper easier to be found. These could be separate words or word combinations, which define your topic.
- Follow Rules of Logic
You should be consistent in writing. Logical links between the sentences will make your text coherent.
Research Paper Introduction Example
The theory is good, but the practice is quite another. Of course, to write an excellent introduction you need to read an example, so here you are.
The bookish marketing nowadays becomes digital because of the demands of the modern online era. Such popular best seller authors like J. K. Rowling or Dan Brown get profit from the internet and use it as a source for advertising to show the audience their creation. On the other hand, a lot of writers find digital Epoque harmful and destructive for their creations because many users can get their books for free, giving no income to the author. However, there are more and more studies which reveal the business side of bookish industry not far from a negative side. This research paper will define whether the culture of digital bookish consumption has to be changed because the creations of writers become worthless due to an act of web pirates and because people have stopped valuing books according to their merit.