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Jun 9, 2018

Successful people ask better questions, and as a result, they get better answers. Tony Robbins The task of the leader is to get his people from where they are to where they have not been. Henry Kissinger Now my haters are very high class people, so I feel like I've moved up. GloZell I think that's the most beautiful thing about being confident - just loving yourself, not caring what everybody else thinks. Because you could be Mother Theresa, and people are still going to try to find some imperfection. Joanna Krupa People go to the zoo and they like the lion because it's scary. And the bear because it's intense, but the monkey makes people laugh. Lorne Michaels I don't want to have lived in vain like most people. I want to be useful or bring enjoyment to all people, even those I've never met. I want to go on living even after my death! Anne Frank If someone decides they're not going to be happy, it's not your problem. 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I had to hustle to get what I wanted... but I had that hunger for more. I didn't always make the right choices, but I learned from my mistakes. Curtis Jackson As a black woman, my politics and political affiliation are bound up with and flow from participation in my people's struggle for liberation, and with the fight of oppressed people all over the world against American imperialism. Angela Davis We are supposed to enjoy the good stuff now, while we can, with the people we love. Life has a funny way of teaching us that lesson over and over again. Sheena Easton Animation offers a medium of story telling and visual entertainment which can bring pleasure and information to people of all ages everywhere in the world. Walt Disney The hardest thing for - not only an artist but for anybody to do is look themselves in the mirror and acknowledge, you know, their own flaws and fears and imperfections and put them out there in the open for people to relate to it. 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Maxwell My idea of good company is the company of clever, well-informed people who have a great deal of conversation; that is what I call good company. Jane Austen Never tell people how to do things. Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity. George S. Patton People love me. And you know what, I have been very successful. Everybody loves me. Donald Trump You can't just sit there and wait for people to give you that golden dream. You've got to get out there and make it happen for yourself. Diana Ross The best way to inspire people to superior performance is to convince them by everything you do and by your everyday attitude that you are wholeheartedly supporting them. Harold S. Geneen Software innovation, like almost every other kind of innovation, requires the ability to collaborate and share ideas with other people, and to sit down and talk with customers and get their feedback and understand their needs. Bill Gates Love is a strange emotion. 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Steve Jobs People are not disturbed by things, but by the view they take of them. Epictetus Being misunderstood by people whose opinions you value is absolutely the most painful. Gloria Steinem There's always gonna be setbacks; there's always gonna be knockdowns. There's always gonna be people telling you, 'Hey, you suck!' Post Malone Tough times don't last, but tough people do. And I've been through some tough times, and I know a lot of people can recall tough times, and maybe are going through some tough times right now, but they don't last. Alonzo Mourning People often say that 'beauty is in the eye of the beholder,' and I say that the most liberating thing about beauty is realizing that you are the beholder. This empowers us to find beauty in places where others have not dared to look, including inside ourselves. Salma Hayek Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives. James Madison I think there's no higher calling in terms of a career than public service, which is a chance to make a difference in people's lives and improve the world. Jack Lew Bad food is made without pride, by cooks who have no pride, and no love. Bad food is made by chefs who are indifferent, or who are trying to be everything to everybody, who are trying to please everyone... Bad food is fake food... food that shows fear and lack of confidence in people's ability to discern or to make decisions about their lives. Anthony Bourdain I think many people can relate to that excruciating pain of love gone wrong. I'd rather have a broken arm than a broken heart. Christie Brinkley An organization, no matter how well designed, is only as good as the people who live and work in it. Dee Hock When faced with a challenge, happy families, like happy people, just add a new chapter to their life story that shows them overcoming the hardship. This skill is particularly important for children, whose identity tends to get locked in during adolescence. Bruce Feiler Money and success don't change people; they merely amplify what is already there. Will Smith Many people resented my impatience and honesty, but I never cared about acceptance as much as I cared about respect. Jackie Robinson The strength of brand loyalty begins with how your product makes people feel. Jay Samit I don't really care if people think I'm good-looking or not; it doesn't define me as a person. Genesis Rodriguez No leader, however strong, can succeed at anything of national importance or significance unless he has the support and cooperation of the people he is tasked to lead and sworn to serve. Rodrigo Duterte Morality is simply the attitude we adopt towards people whom we personally dislike. Oscar Wilde Most people spend more time and energy going around problems than in trying to solve them. Henry Ford Ice cream brings people together. 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Cette mer intérieure d'Asie centrale s'étend de part et d'autre de la frontière entre le Kazakhstan et l'Ouzbékistan, régions semi-arides. Il y a quelques millions d'années, elle communiquait avec la mer Caspienne. Ses affluents sont le Syr-Daria au Nord, qui prend sa source au Kirghizstan et qui traverse le Kazakhstan et dont la capacité est de 36 Km3 ; et l'Amou-Daria au Sud, qui prend sa source au Tadjikistan et qui traverse l'Ouzbékistan et dont la capacité est de 78 km3. Les deux fleuves sont donc partagés entre cinq républiques d'Asie Centrale créées dans les années 30 par l'URSS de Staline : le Kazakhstan, l'Ouzbékistan, le Turkménistan, le Kirghizstan et le Tadjikistan. Jusque dans les années 1970, elle constituait le 4e lac au monde : sa superficie était de 66 900 km2, son niveau atteignait 53,4 m et son volume 1064 Km3. Dans les années 40, l'activité de pêche avait un rendement de 10 000 tonnes de poissons par an. Pourtant, les apports de ses deux affluents n'ont pas pu empêcher la réduction de sa superficie entamée dans les années 1960-70 suite à une irrigation accrue des cultures de coton et de riz. L'Ouzbékistan consomme environs 50% de l'eau disponible, le Tadjikistan 30% et le Kazakhstan 20%.

Extraits de l'exposé

[...] Il semble que la ?petite mer' soit sur le point d'être sauvée, mais seulement dans le quinzième de sa superficie d'origine (2006 : Km2) ce qui ne suffira pas au maintien des 50 millions d'habitants qui en vivent. La mer est en effet encore à 80 km du port d'Aralsk, qui était le principal port du Nord. Au sud, le port de Mouniak est quant à lui encore à plus de 120 km du rivage. La grande mer est ?offerte en sacrifice' à la monoculture cotonnière de l'Ouzbékistan. [...]


[...] La faune et la flore terrestre, de même, en subissent les conséquences. Le sel laissé sur les anciens rivages asséchés est transporté par les vents et rend les terres incultivables des femmes enceintes souffrent d'anémies, les maladies rénales ainsi que le nombre de cancers de l'estomac s'accroissent considérablement, tout comme les cas de tuberculose (selon un rapport de l'UNESCO, dans certaines villes 400 cas pour habitants), la mortalité infantile (118 cas sur 1000 naissances, taux avoisinant celui du Bangladesh) et des cas de peste, maladie véhiculée par les rongeurs qui bénéficient de l'espace laissée par la mer. [...]


[...] Aussi, le président Kazakh décide la construction d'une immense digue pour empêcher les eaux venant du Nord de se perdre dans le Sud (Ouzbékistan), s'appuyant sur l' initiative du maire de l'ex-port d'Aralsk Bairmouzaev Alachbai (Kazakhstan) et d'un biologiste de Saint-Pétersbourg, Nikolai Aladine. Pour ce projet de réhabilitation de la ?petite mer d'Aral', le pays réunit 2,5 millions de dollars. En 5 ans une digue de sable et de roseaux de 22 kilomètres de long et de 30 mètres de large est édifiée. Il permet de remonter le niveau de la mer de trois mètres ainsi que de faire ?revivre' le milieu aquatique. Cependant, en 1998 une tempête emporte la construction. [...]


[...] Dans les années 1950, sur l'île de Vozrodjenie est implanté un centre d'expérimentations d'armes chimiques et bactériologiques qui entrepose entre autres, de l'anthrax. L'environnement de la mer d'Aral est déjà menacé. En 1960, l'Ouzbékistan est choisi par l'URSS pour la production massive de coton. Des travaux d'irrigation sont entrepris : les deux affluents sont détournés pour assurer l'approvisionnement en eau de près de 2 millions d'hectares de terres cultivées dans le désert Ouzbek et de rizières dans le désert Kazakh. La centaine de canaux d'irrigation construits détournent 60% du débit des deux fleuves. [...]

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CIRCUITO BRASILIENSE NCT / FVDF  DE VÔLEI DE PRAIA 2017

SUB 21 – 15 de JUNHO

ADULTO – 16, 17 & 18 de JUNHO

LOCAL: PARQUE DA CIDADE – SARAH KUBITSCHEK

INSCRIÇÕES ABERTAS ATÉ

13/JUNHO (3a FEIRA), 18H!

ATENÇÃO:

FORMULÁRIO DE INSCRIÇÃO PREENCHIDO CORRETAMENTE

COMPROVANTE DE DEPÓSITO/TRANSFERÊNCIA EM ANEXO

____________________________________________

Federação de Vôlei do Distrito Federal (FVDF) e o NCT apresentam:

Calendário 2017 de Vôlei de Praia no Distrito Federal.

SUB-21

DATA

LOCAL

2ª – Etapa: 06 ou 07 de maio Arena – PMDF 3ª – Etapa: 15 de junho Arena – Parque da Cidade/NCT 4ª – Etapa: 28, 29 e 30 de julho Arena – Parque da Cidade/NCT

OBS: A 4ª e última Etapa do Circuito Brasiliense NCT/FVDF de Vôlei de Praia Sub-21, constante do calendário acima, acontecerá concomitante com a 2ª Etapa do Circuito Centro-Norte de Voleibol de Praia Categorias de Base prevista para ser realizada em Brasília. A Etapa será organizada pelas Federações de Vôlei dos Estados de Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Tocantins, Goiás e Distrito Federal.

ADULTO

DATA

LOCAL

1ª – Etapa : 16.17 e 18 de junho Arena – Parque da Cidade/NCT 2ª – Etapa : 01, 02 e 03 de setembro Samambaia 3ª – Etapa : 01, 02 e 03 de dezembro Arena – Parque da Cidade/NCT

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O Calendário FVDF 2017 previsto para o Vôlei de Quadra está disponível AQUI

O Calendário CBV do Campeonato Brasileiro de Seleções 2017 está disponível AQUI

La mer d’Aral est une mer fermee d’Asie centrale, situee entre 43° et 46° de latitude nord et entre 58° et 62° de longitude est. Elle est partagee entre le Kazakhstan au nord et l’Ouzbekistan au sud. En 1960, encore alimentee par les puissants fleuves Amou-Daria et Syr-Daria, elle couvrait 68 000 km2 et etait la quatrieme surface d’eau salee interieure du monde. En 2000, cette superficie etait divisee par deux. Cet assechement, du au detournement des deux fleuves, est une des plus importantes catastrophes environnementales du XXe siecle. Sommaire [masquer] 1 Assechement * 2 Consequences biologiques et biomedicales * 3 Tentatives de sauvetage o 3. 1 Construction d’une premiere digue o 3. 2 Barrage de Kokaral * 4 Installation d’une base de fabrication d’armes biologiques sur l’ile de Vozrozhdeniye * 5 Bibliographie * 6 Notes et references * 7 Sources * 8 Voir aussi o 8. 1 Articles connexes o 8. 2 Liens externes Assechement[modifier] L’assechement de cette mer fut planifie des 1918[1]. Au debut des annees 1960, les economistes sovietiques decident d’intensifier la culture du coton en Ouzbekistan et au Kazakhstan. Les leuves Amou-Daria et Syr-Daria sont detournes pour irriguer les cultures (Canal du Karakoum). Ainsi en 1960 entre 20 et 60 km3 d’eau douce sont detournes. Le manque d’apport en eau asseche alors peu a peu la mer dont le niveau baisse de 20 a 60 cm par an. Elle a perdu 50 % de sa surface depuis 1960, 14 metres de profondeur et 60 % de son volume[ref. souhaitee];en 2005 elle a perdu les 3 quarts de sa superficie , ce qui a augmente la salinite de l’eau et tue quasiment toute forme de vie[2]. On peut retrouver des epaves de bateaux dans les plaines. La separation entre Petite mer au nord et Grande mer au sud date de 1989.

L’evolution a d’abord laisse presager la disparition totale de la seconde a l’horizon 2025, avant que des travaux d’amenagement ne soient operes. En 2007, on constate que le niveau de la petite mer d’Aral (nord) remonte spectaculairement, plus vite que ne l’esperaient les experts charges du dossier[3]. Consequences biologiques et biomedicales[modifier] Aujourd’hui, les 24 especes endemiques de la mer d’Aral ont disparu. Seul subsiste une espece de raie importee, et selectionnee pour survivre a de tels taux de salinite. Sa survie a long terme n’est pas assuree, meme dans la petite mer.

Depuis 2003, la mer d’Aral a perdu approximativement 75% de sa superficie et 90% de son volume. Les quantites gigantesques de pesticides et d’insecticides qui, jadis, avaient ete charriees par les deux fleuves de la mer et s’etaient deposees au fond du bassin de l’Aral ainsi que le sel laisse par les eaux se retirant, se sont retrouvees, au fur et a mesure que l’evaporation progressait, a l’air libre, provoquant le taux de mortalite infantile le plus eleve du monde, les taux de cancers et d’anemies directement relies a l’exposition par des produits chimiques furent confirmes par l’OMS.

Tentatives de sauvetage[modifier] Animation de l’assechement de la mer d’Aral entre 1960 et 2008. Pour empecher cet assechement total, de multiples projets ont ete evoques, dont le creusement d’un canal depuis la mer Caspienne ou le detournement des fleuves de Siberie. Construction d’une premiere digue[modifier] Une seule tentative couronnee de succes a ce jour fut la construction d’une digue au sud de l’embouchure du Syr-Daria, pour barrer un detroit entre la Petite mer (Maloie), ancienne mer bordiere au nord de l’ancienne mer d’Aral, et la Grande mer (Bolchoie, ce qui reste du sud de la grande mer).

Le maire de la ville d’Aralsk, Alachibai Baimirzaev a fait construire en 1995 une digue de vingt-deux km de long en sable et roseaux. Achevee en 1996, elle permit immediatement d’eviter que les eaux du fleuve ne se perdent dans le delta entre Petite et Grande mer et de faire remonter le niveau de la Petite mer. Un semblant de vie renaquit autour de la mer, qui avanca de plusieurs kilometres : roseaux, oiseaux, rongeurs et renards, et meme quelques poissons. Une tempete a detruit cette digue en 1999, et le niveau de la mer a reperdu partiellement ce qui avait ete gagne. Barrage de Kokaral[modifier]

La Banque mondiale a decide de financer la construction du barrage en beton de Kokaral ainsi qu’une serie de digues en vue d’eliminer l’exces de sel par des deversoirs et de faire remonter le niveau de l’eau. Ce projet controverse dont les travaux ont debute en 2003 devrait permettre a terme a la Petite mer de regagner environ 500 km2, mais il risque egalement de condamner la Grande mer a un assechement encore plus rapide, meme si une vanne situee au-dessus du barrage prevoit de reverser le trop-plein d’eau dans la Grande Aral, situee pour une bonne part en Ouzbekistan.

Ainsi le barrage qui permet a la vie de revenir dans la Petite mer est une pomme de discorde entre le Kazakhstan qui en profite et l’Ouzbekistan dont la gestion desastreuse de l’Amou-Daria a detruit toute vie dans la Grande mer. Au Kazakhstan, un espoir renait avec les projets du president Noursoultan Nazarbaiev. Il est en effet question de rehausser le niveau de la petite mer de 6 m, ce qui permettrait a l’industrie de la peche de renaitre, et a la ville d’Aralsk de redevenir un port.

Ce projet estime a 120 millions de dollars (98 000 000 euros) serait finance principalement par les revenus du petrole du Kazakhstan. Ce projet prevoit egalement le creusement d’un canal de jonction entre les deux bassins et la construction de nouvelles structures pour exploiter l’energie hydroelectrique. Depuis le debut des travaux, la profondeur moyenne de la Petite Aral est passee de moins de 30 m a 38 m, le niveau de viabilite etant estime a 42 m.

Alors que les specialistes de la Banque mondiale avaient prevu que l’eau ne remonterait pas avant trois ans – d’autres hydrologues ayant meme decrete que la mer d’Aral etait irremediablement perdue –, la petite mer a deja regagne 30 % de sa superficie, ce qui represente plus de 10 milliards de metres cubes d’eau. Cependant, pour certains responsables kazakhs, il ne faut pas se rejouir trop tot car il faudra probablement des decennies pour resoudre les problemes.

Depuis la fin de la construction du barrage en 2005, on a constate en 2009 que le niveau de la partie nord de la mer d’Aral etait remonte de six metres[4]. Installation d’une base de fabrication d’armes biologiques sur l’ile de Vozrozhdeniye[modifier] Articles detailles : Ile de Vozrozhdeniya et Kantubek. En 1948, un laboratoire d’armes biologiques top-secret a ete etabli sur l’ile de Vozrozhdeniya situee au centre de la mer d’Aral qui est maintenant disputee entre le Kazakhstan et l’Ouzbekistan.

L’histoire exacte, les fonctions et le statut actuel de ce centre n’ont pas encore ete divulgues. La base a ete abandonnee suite a la desintegration de l’URSS. Les expeditions scientifiques ont prouve que cela avait ete un site de production, d’essai et, plus tard, de fabrication d’armes pathogenes. En 2002, a travers un projet organise par les Etats-Unis et avec l’assistance de l’Ouzbekistan, 10 sites d’enfouissement d’anthrax ont ete decontamines. En accord avec le Kazakh Scientific Center for Quarantine and Zoonotic Infections, tous les sites d’enfouissement ont ete decontamines[5].

Aucune Dissertation Connexe.

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