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Paraphrasing exercises fce with key pdf

Mar 28, 2018

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IELTS writing task 2 paraphrasing practice exercise. To get a good mark in IELTS writing task 2 for the criterion of vocabulary, you need to be able to paraphrase. The exercise below is a chance for you to practice your paraphrasing skills.

The answers for this exercise have now been posted below. No more writing should be posted for this lesson. But you can still learn from completing the exercise on your own and checking your writing with the answers provided.

Paragraph

Paraphrase the words in this paragraph using the words in the box below. Only paraphrase a word if you are sure it is appropriate to do so.

Many people, when driving their cars, go over the speed limit in city centers. As a way of solving this, the government should put more speed cameras on major streets to put people off  speeding. If this is done, more people who speed will be caught and this problem will eventually be solved.

Paraphrasing Options

You do not need to use all the words. You must decide which words to use and which words not to use.

town         an answer            the law           install         motorway         stop        humans         put away         authorities               exceed               deter  from         directly          riding        ought to            key             by doing this            arrested       vehicles               resolved             citizens            large            caught red handed             speed prevention             increasing       urban

Answers and Advice

Please see the answers given below:

Answers: Click here

Answer:

Many people, when driving their cars, exceed the speed limit in urban centers. As a way of solving this, the authorities ought to install more speed cameras on major streets to deter people from  speeding. By doing this, more people who speed will be caught and this problem will eventually be resolved.

Common Mistakes and Explanations

  1. Collocation: drive a car, not ride a car. We use the verb “ride” with bicycles.
  2. A town is not a city.  You can write “city center” or “urban center”. A town is much smaller and this essay is not about small towns and villages.
  3. The government can usually be paraphrased with the word “authorities”.
  4. The word “should” can be paraphrased as “ought to”. This is a common paraphrase.
  5. If you are writing about setting up or putting up equipment, you can use the word “install”.
  6. “to deter” is used to put people off committing a crime or an offence. It is actually a better word to use than “put off” for formal essay writing.
  7. “By doing this” and “As a way of solving this” both have the same meaning in this context. You can’t write “As an answer for solving this” – it isn’t correct English even though the meaning is the same.
  8. “people” are people. We rare use the word “citizen” in an essay about transport. However, it would be acceptable to use it in the second sentence which refers to the government.
  9. “people” cannot be paraphrased as “humans” except in one context – please watch the video below to learn. Any student making this mistake is not studying effectively. The video below explains this very clearly so you should not be making this mistake.
  10. “caught red handed” must be written as it is shown. You can never write “caught red”. There are three words in this idiom. However, this expression is mainly for theft or other crimes in which a person is caught face to face by the police. It can’t be used for speed offences caught by camera.
  11. “vehicles” is used when we don’t know what type of transport is being written about or when we refer to different types. This essay is about cars only which means you can’t use the word “vehicle”.
  12. This paragraph is about “streets”. This is not the same as a “motorway”. A motorway is a very large road outside a city which contains two or three lines in both directions for heavy traffic.

Results and Advice

Best Writing Posted:

Well done to Esmaeil Bahmyari ! You wrote very well indeed but don’t avoid using the word “people”, it is the correct and most appropriate word to use for this essay. You have the potential to well with your level of English.

To all other students, I hope you learn to be careful when paraphrasing. Try to avoid making errors. You can see that a band score 9 student does not paraphrase continuously.

I hope you benefited from this lesson. I will put similar lessons up in the future if you found it useful.

Video: Paraphrasing Tips

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The earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it. Chief Joseph

SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION ( REWRITE QUESTIONS )

Complete the sentences using the words in brackets. Use two to five words.

1. Mehmet has a g

ood relationship with his ne

ighbours. (get)

Mehmet_______

____________

____________

__________ his neighbours.

2. It was difficult

for my mother t

o set up the new s

oftware. (found)

My mother ____________

____________

____________

_____ up the new software.

3. The escalator isn’t working; please use the stairs instead. (out)

The escalator____________

____________

___; please use the stairs instead.

4. Shall I

call Mr.Paro

for you? (me)

Would __________________

____________

__ Mr.Paro for you?

5. Murat doesn’t mind driving for two hours to work everyday. (used)

Murat _________________

____________

_____________

_____ for two hours to work everyday.

6. “I’m sorry

I broke your mug

” Janet said. (breaking)

Janet ___________

____________

____________

____________

_ my mug.

7. They cancelled the flight because of thick fog. (off)

The flight _______________________

____________

___ because of the thick fog.

8. The summit meeting will be held in Istanbul. (place)

The summit meeting _________________

____________

____ in Istanbul.

9. Roberto took a month to design the concept car. (him)

It ____________________

____________

________to design the concept car.

10. My father took up bowling three years ago. (been)

My father ___________________________________________ three years.

In these exercises, you need to take the information in the first sentence and re-write it, using the word in bold so that the second sentence has exactly the same meaning. You cannot change the word in bold in ANY way. You can use only a maximum of FIVE words for each space. Only use contractions for negatives: e.g. don't / hadn't / wouldn't, etc.

1. Many people think Steve stole the money.
believed
Steve the money.

2. The strong winds blew down the two ancient trees during the storm.
blown
The two ancient trees the storm.

3. He doesn't have enough money to buy the computer.
too
The computer to buy.

4. "You should start a new hobby, Mr. Jenkins", the doctor said.
take
The Doctor advised a new hobby.

5. We have been waiting here since half past ten.
for
We have been waiting one hour.

6. The man suddenly realised that the neighbor was watching him.
watched
The man suddenly realised that he the neighbor.

7. I could never have passed that exam without your help.
you
I could never have passed that exam me.

8. We paid some people to landscape the garden for us last year.
had
We last year.

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