Research paper good outline
Mar 15, 2018
Writing a Research Paper on Abortion
Student life involves writing a lot of research papers. Most students fear that they would not provide adequate information and result in failing the research paper. Having adequate knowledge on writing a research paper will be helpful in attaining desired results.
Finding information on the topic
When writing a research paper on abortion, the first thing to do is to research a specific topic that is controversial or worth questioning. You should be quite interested in the topic so that you will have time and enthusiasm when conducting research.
One situation that is challenging is changing your mind in the middle of the research due to the evidence that you come across while writing. Such cases are quite rare to come by but nothing is impossible. Using most recent sources would assist in having ideas on the newest development on the topic of interest.
Getting to know what your teacher thinks about the topic you are researching is a good idea. Teachers have wide knowledge on their subject and advice whether the topic is worth looking into or it is a wild goose chase. Have a few specifics in mind and seek approval from the teacher first before embarking on seeking serious information.
The source of information accounts for the quality of the research paper. Ensure that the sources are scholarly and recent. The easiest places to get quality information is the internet. There are plenty of journal articles available online for free. Domain name extensions for articles such as .gov, .edu and .org provide reliable sources as they are from government, educational or non-profit organizations respectively.
Writing the thesis and outline for a research paper on abortion
You should state your thesis in one sentence. The thesis statement in this case is the exact idea you have on abortion. Example could be ‘Abortion is illegal because everyone has the right to life’. It should be as precise as possible.
The outline puts across all the arguments that you have prepared on the research paper. It puts down in point form the exact points covered in the introduction, each body paragraph and conclusion. The outline will assist you think through the points and stages of the paper. A good outline would result in an in-depth research and writing of the essay topic.
At the introduction write the thesis of the abortion topic and why you are researching it. You will explain to the reader the exact points you intend to cover. Slightly explain how you intend to structure your paper and prove your thesis.
The body will include your arguments in individual paragraphs. Have clear supporting evidence to the arguments you bring across. It is important to start with a good argument on the first body paragraph and conclude with the best on the last one.
Writing your first draft
When writing the first draft follow the structure outlined in the outline. Argue each point giving enough information to prove the argument. You may choose to directly quote your sources or paraphrase them. Ensure to cite the information quoted to avoid plagiarism penalties. Number the different topic sections according to the numbering in the outline.
Proofread the draft and outline
Read through the research paper and ensure that everything is in order. Check that the flow of ideas is smooth and each section in transmitting easily to the next. You could be forced to make some amendments in the outline or draft to suite your paper when writing the final draft.
Check formatting and citation issues. Have you proved the thesis in the research paper and supported the arguments? If in doubt seek the assistance of a proof reader to help you before handing in the final essay to your teacher. Time is an important factor when planning and writing the research paper. Ensure that you have enough time to research and write the paper. Have the final copy ready in time, say a day before the deadline.
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Types of Outlines and Samples
This is the most common type of outline and usually instantly recognizable to most people. The formatting follows these characters, in this order:
- Roman Numerals
- Capitalized Letters
- Arabic Numerals
- Lowercase Letters
If the outline needs to subdivide beyond these divisions, use Arabic numerals inside parentheses and then lowercase letters inside parentheses. Select the "Sample Outlines" PDF in the Media Box above to download the sample of this outline.
The sample PDF in the Media Box above is an example of an outline that a student might create before writing an essay. In order to organize her thoughts and make sure that she has not forgotten any key points that she wants to address, she creates the outline as a framework for her essay.
What is the assignment?
Your instructor asks the class to write an expository (explanatory) essay on the typical steps a high school student would follow in order to apply to college.
What is the purpose of this essay?
To explain the process for applying to college
Who is the intended audience for this essay?
High school students intending to apply to college and their parents
What is the essay's thesis statement?
When applying to college, a student follows a certain process which includes choosing the right schools and preparing the application materials.
Full Sentence Outlines
The full sentence outline format is essentially the same as the Alphanumeric outline. The main difference (as the title suggests) is that full sentences are required at each level of the outline. This outline is most often used when preparing a traditional essay. Select the "Sample Outlines" PDF in the Media Box above to download the sample of this outline.
The decimal outline is similar in format to the alphanumeric outline. The added benefit is a system of decimal notation that clearly shows how every level of the outline relates to the larger whole. Select the "Sample Outlines" PDF in the Media Box above to download the sample of this outline.
Please click here to download the requested pdf.
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- Construct an argument that answers the writing prompt by arranging your notes linearly.
- Unless your teacher wants a 5 paragraph essay (an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph), don’t feel constrained by that model.
Now that you’ve grouped your notes, thought about your transitions, and developed a high-powered thesis, its time to build the scaffold upon which you’ll structure your paper: the outline.
Some teachers prefer a standard 3 body paragraph format. Three is a nice number aesthetically, but there is nothing particularly magical about having three body paragraphs. Unless your teacher states that you must have a certain number of body paragraphs, don’t feel constrained by this 3 paragraph format. The number of body paragraphs you have should be determined by your research and how you grouped your notes, not by an arbitrary number. Have one main claim expressed in each paragraph.
Tip: Keep in mind that the outline needs to be flexible. Don’t feel constrained by your outline once it’s created. If you get a surge of inspiration part way through writing your paper and decide to take your paper in a new direction, go ahead and change your outline.
There are several different ways to format an outline, but the MLA method (below) is a solid way to do it. Note how easily all the previous work you’ve done (grouping your notes and thinking about transitions) slides into the outline format:
Links to sample outlines: