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Research paper sample outlines

Apr 17, 2018

A research paper outline is a helpful tool when writing your research paper. Basically, it helps you organize your ideas, and appropriately place your researched information in the right section. Aside from this, it also helps you to identify what data is valid and irrelevant. It will also allow you to know if you need to conduct further research on the topic of your choice. When outlining your research paper, you must have all your researched materials at hand to make sure that all sub-topics are not overlooked. If you have no idea on how your research paper template must look like, ProfEssays.com provides you a research paper outline template to serve as your basis in writing.

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How to Outline a Research Paper

A research paper outline is a helpful tool when writing a research paper. Basically, it helps the writer organize his or her ideas and appropriately place the researched information in the right section. Aside from this, it also helps identify what data is valid and what is irrelevant. Moreover, it lets the writer know if further research needs to be conducted on the topic. When outlining a research paper, all researched materials should be at hand to make sure that all sub-topics are included and not overlooked. However, if you are unclear about how your research paper should look or what to include, you will find aresearch paper outline template on this page, which will aid you in writing your paper.

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The advantage of obtaining help from ProfEssays.com is our resources enable our team to produce research papers that are accurate and appropriate in language and style. Moreover, plagiarism issues are prevented by our anti plagiarism software. All products are originals. In addition, ProfEssays.com will provide a free outline template because our clients are valued. Why not drop in today and let our team of experts help you with your research papers. Place your order now and our professional writers will be more than happy to help you with any kind of your written assignment.

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Research Paper Outline – Useful Tips

Completing an outline for a research paper can be essential because it makes writing the paper much easier. A research paper outline or a speech outline will help keep the content of the paper in a logical order. It also helps the writer organize ideas, connects the ideas in the paper, and builds an organized overview of the paper. If you are unfamiliar with constructing an outline, use a sample outline like the essay outline template on this page.

In order to begin outlining the research paper, determine why you are researching the subject. For instance, if you are going to write about college, determine if you are interested in college culture’s norms, or maybe why more females attend college than males? Next, establish who will be your target audience and make the content of the paper relevant to them. A great way to get started with the outline is by brainstorming, which will guide you towards finding data and facts for the paper. To begin brainstorming you merely need to write down a list of all the things that come to your mind about your research subject. Afterwards, put all the correlating ideas together; then list the ideas from general facts to specific facts. After you have determined the previous information, you can develop the thesis statement.  The thesis statement is usually no more than a couple of sentences that tell the reader what the essay is going to be about. After reading the thesis, there should be no doubt what the research is going to be about. It should be precise and clear. The thesis is also where the writer states his position.

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MLA Outline vs APA Outline

MLA Outline

The MLA format provides the necessary guidelines for effectively writing an essay according to the MLA standards. Completing a MLA outline will ensure that your research paper format is correct. In order to begin writing the outline title the paper “Outline.” It should be written at the top center.  Under the tile write, “Thesis,” and write the thesis statement.  The thesis statement should be complete, and the rest of the paper should be in line with it.  Now you are ready to begin writing the key sections of the outline, for which uppercase Roman numerals should be used. The subsections should be numbered with capital letters. If the subsections need further categorizing, use numbers and then lowercase letters. The key sections and the subsections should provide facts that support the thesis. For instance, if the writer’s thesis statement and position is “smoking is harmful to your health,” then key sections and subsections should support this idea. The key sections and subsections should not be written in phrases but in complete sentences. At the end of the research paper, wrap the outline up by writing a short conclusion.

APA Outline

The American Psychological Association style (APA format) is used for writing papers in the social science field. In addition to a reference page, in text citation is required when writing an APA style paper. When a student is assigned a college- level paper, an outline can also be required.
All main headings in the outline should begin with Roman numerals, and the subheadings should begin with capital letters. Alternatively, Arabic numerals and lowercase letters can be used with full sentences for each outline main heading.

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Get a Free Outline Template

An essay outline template tells the writer what material to insert, and it tells where the information should be inserted. A MLA outline template or an APA outline template can be helpful to students who unaware of the MLA and APA style and its requirements. It can also make writing the actually paper much easier even if the student is aware of the requirements and guidelines. Using an outline template can help the student organize the paper and eliminate the ideas that are not relevant to the purpose of the essay. A template allows the writer to correctly format, cite, and reference the paper. If you need help with writing a research paper, download a free research paper outline example at ProfEssays.com

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OUTLINE

What is an outline?

An outline is meant to help you establish a structure for a paper you are going to write. It is a way for you to demonstrate the main argument (thesis), main points (topic sentences), and main pieces of evidence you are going to present in a paper before actually writing the paper.

Additionally, one of the essential purposes of an outline is to clearly convey the connection between the thesis and each of the topic sentences.

Outline Structure

  1. Introduction
    1. Thesis: A statement of position and overview of points of argumentation go here.
  2. Body Paragraph 1: Topic sentence goes here.
    1. Supporting evidence: A paraphrase or quote from one of your sources goes here, along with an in-text citation (to learn how to properly construct in-text citations, please see the following link: https://awc.ashford.edu/cd-in-text-citation-guide.html).
      1. Explanation of the meaning of the supporting evidence.
      2. So what? A direct statement on how the supporting evidence does in fact support the claim made in the topic sentence.
  3. Body Paragraph 2: Topic sentence goes here.
    1. Supporting evidence
      1. Explanation
      2. So what?
    2. Supporting evidence
      1. Explanation
      2. So what?
  4. Body Paragraph 3: Topic sentence goes here.
    1. Supporting evidence
      1. Explanation
      2. So what?

Sample Outline: Argumentative Paper on Obesity and Government Intervention

  1. Introduction
    1. Thesis: An individual’s weight should be a governmental concern because the medical costs associated with weight-related issues cost taxpayer money, retailers of unhealthy food need to be regulated, and children need to have better options for diet and exercise made available to them.
  2. Body Paragraph 1: The medical cost associated with weight-related issues has significantly contributed to individual taxes.
    1. Supporting evidence: “…the costs of obesity arising from individuals’ poor nutritional choices are borne by society as a whole through taxes, lost productivity, and an overburdened healthcare system. In 2008, the medical costs associated with obesity and obesity-related illnesses totaled US $147 billion in the United States” (Franck, Grandi, & Eisenberg, 2013, p. 1951).
      1. Explanation: This quote demonstrates not only the connection between obesity, medical costs, and increased taxes, but also shows the exact dollar number costs from a fairly recent year.
      2. So what? This quote supports the claim that weight-related medical issues contribute to increased taxes for all taxpayers by explaining the connection and demonstrating the high dollar costs to show that this is a current problem affecting a government process (taxation) and therefore could appropriately be addressed by government intervention.
  3. Body Paragraph 2: Another reason that weight should be considered a governmental issue is that the market for unhealthy food in America has overtaken the general food market and the government needs to actively curb the incentives to frequent these establishments.
    1. Supporting Evidence: “[M]eals are increasingly being consumed outside the home, and these meals tend to be higher in fat. A literal fat tax… theoretically would encourage individuals to opt for low-fat or nonfat alternatives” (Franck et al., 2013, p. 1950).
      1. Explanation: This quote alludes to many of the main problems with fast food consumption and explains what a fat tax would attempt to do to curb the consumption of junk food.
      2. So what? Showing that a fat tax would be able to curb overconsumption of obesity-causing fast food demonstrates the need for the government to impose such a thing.
  4. Body Paragraph 3: Finally, the government is responsible for ensuring that children have access to healthy food and exercise while in school.
    1. Supporting Evidence: A connection between Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move!” campaign and a reduction in overall childhood obesity across America has been demonstrated (Tucker, 2013, p. 1).
      1. Explanation: This information shows the effectiveness of government-backed programs, with “Let’s Move!” as the specific example.
      2. So what? Demonstrating the effectiveness of “Let’s Move!” campaign supports the concept of government involvement in school food and exercise initiatives to help curb childhood obesity and provide children with the foundation for establishing healthy habits.

References

Franck, C., Grandi, S., & Eisenberg, M. (2013). Taxing Junk Food to Counter Obesity. American Journal of Public Health. 103.11, DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301279

Tucker, C. (2013). Q&A; with first lady Michelle Obama: How the Let’s Move! Campaign is changing the way kids eat, move. Nation’s Health. 43.9. Retrieved from nationshealth.com

Below are examples of research paper outlines. Creating an outline is the first thing you should do before starting on your research paper.

Research Paper Outline Examples

Once you've decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or what you will be including in your discussion. The broader your topic is, the more difficult it is to discuss the full details. This is why you should establish early on the scope and limitations of your paper which will provide the foundation for your research paper outline.

Basically, your outline will constitute three main sections: the Introduction, the Body and the Conclusion. But to make sure your paper is complete, consult your instructor for specific parts they wants to be included in your research paper. Sample outlines for research papers will follow. But first, let’s discuss the main sections of your paper and what information each should cover.

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Introduction

The introduction should contain your thesis statement or the topic of your research as well as the purpose of your study. You may include here the reason why you chose that particular topic or simply the significance of your research paper's topic. You may also state what type of approach it is that you'll be using in your paper for the entire discussion of your topic. Generally, your Introduction should orient your readers to the major points the rest of the paper will be covering, and how.

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Body

The body of your paper is where you will be presenting all your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the “Rule of 3” which states that you should find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Start with a strong argument, followed by a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument as your final point.

Conclusion

The conclusion is where you form a summary of all your arguments so you can arrive at your final position. Explain and reiterate why you've ended up with the said conclusion.

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Research Paper Outline Examples

As mentioned earlier, here are some sample outlines for research papers:

Sample #1

Thesis Topic: A Study on Factors Affecting the Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers in Las Pinas City

  1. Introduction
    1. Statement of the Problem
    2. Definition of Terms
    3. Theoretical Framework
    4. Methodology
      1. Type of Research
      2. Respondents
      3. Questionnaire
    5. Hypothesis
    6. Review of Related Literature
    7. Scope and Limitations
    8. Significance of the Study
  2. Body
    1. Background of the Study
      1. Benefits of Breastfeeding
      2. WHO Recommendations
      3. The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes
      4. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative
      5. The Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding
      6. National Situationer
      7. The Milk Code
      8. BFHI in the Philippines
      9. Milk Code Violations
      10. Formula Feeding
      11. Factors Influencing the Decision Regarding Infant Feeding Method
      12. Area Situationer
    2. Presentation and Analysis of Data
      1. Socio-economic Demographic Profile of Mothers
      2. Information Regarding Current (Youngest) Infant
      3. Current Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers
        1. Exclusive Breastfeeding
        2. Mixed Feeding
        3. Formula Feeding
      4. Previous Infant Feeding Practices
      5. Maternal Knowledge
      6. Correlation Tests
  3. Conclusion
    1. Concluding Statement
      1. Analytical Summary
      2. Thesis Reworded
    2. Recommendations

Sample #2

Topic: Asbestos Poisoning

  1. Introduction
    1. Definition of Asbestos Poisoning
    2. Significance of the Study
    3. Definition of Terms
  2. Body
    1. Symptoms of Asbestos Poisoning
    2. Effects of Asbestos Poisoning
    3. Treatments
  3. Conclusion
    1. Conclusion
    2. Recommendations
      1. How to Deal with Asbestos Hazards

Sample #3

Topic: Shakespeare Adapted from AResearchGuide.com.

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
    1. Early Life
      1. Family
        1. Father
        2. Mother
      2. Marriage
        1. Life of Anne Hathaway
        2. Reference in Shakespeare's Poems
    2. Works
      1. Plays
        1. Tragedies
          1. Hamlet
          2. Romeo and Juliet
        2. Comedies
          1. The Tempest
          2. Much Ado About Nothing
        3. Histories
          1. King John
          2. Richard III
          3. Henry VIII
      2. Sonnets
      3. Other Poems
    3. His Later Years
      1. Last Two Plays
      2. Retired to Stratford
        1. Death
        2. Burial
  3. Conclusion
    1. Analytical Summary
    2. Thesis Reworded
    3. Concluding Statement

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The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people. Karl Marx There are no words to express my sorrow and regret for the pain I have caused others by words and actions. To the people I have hurt, I am truly sorry. Matt Lauer It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor yet we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed the Union. And we formed it, not to give the blessings of liberty, but to secure them; not to the half of ourselves and the half of our posterity, but to the whole people - women as well as men. Susan B. Anthony

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