Sample research paper pdf
Apr 9, 2018
What follows is a hypothetical example of a research paper based on an experiment.
The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram Study. Now you want to write the research paper for it. (Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study.)
Here's a shortened example of a research article that MIGHT have been written.
DISCLAIMER: This article is not written by Stanley Milgram, but is intended as an example of a psychology research paper that someone might have written after conducting the first Milgram-study. It's presented here for educational purposes.
Normally you would use double spacing in the paper.
EXAMPLE OF A RESEARCH PAPER.
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"Behavioral Study of Obedience"
by [author], [University]
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There are few facts about the role of obedience when committing acts against one’s personal conscience (1961). Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people are capable of administering pain to an ordinary citizen if they are ordered to do so. Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority. The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness. The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.
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Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.
In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". The author wanted to test this claim. Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders? Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?
The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order.
There were 30 male participants. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room. The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in 15-volt increments all the way up to 450 volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.
The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor ("learner") every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner.
The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released. Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue.
Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks. 14 persons did not obey the experimenter and stopped before reaching the highest levels. All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to 300 volts.
Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter. Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable. The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so. It provides evidence that this dynamic is far more important than previously believed, and that personal ethics are less predictive of such behavior.
[Read more about references here].
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THE SCIENTIFIC FORMAT: A RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE:
Title, Author, Work/School
Abstract: A short summary of the article.
Current theories about the topic. What are the hypothesis for the paper?
What method used.
What were the results obtained?
Discussion and Conclusion
What are our thought about the results compared to other relevant theories.
Through the text there are references, sources of knowledge, which you've used. Citing those will give you more credibility because good research is thought to be based on other knowledge and empirical (observed) evidence.
Tables, Figures, Appendix.
People with goals succeed because they know where they're going. Earl Nightingale Be true to yourself and surround yourself with positive, supportive people. Payal Kadakia It's not a faith in technology. It's faith in people. Steve Jobs We are a country where people of all backgrounds, all nations of origin, all languages, all religions, all races, can make a home. America was built by immigrants. Hillary Clinton A perfect dinner for me is being with people I really want to be with. It starts and stops with my company and my family. Catherine Bach Some people ask the secret of our long marriage. We take time to go to a restaurant two times a week. A little candlelight, dinner, soft music and dancing. She goes Tuesdays, I go Fridays. Henny Youngman
nce in Pub
of Ghana: The Role of the Internal Auditor
All over the world there is a realization that the Internal Audit activity has the potential to
es to man
ent in the con
duct of the
potential has been turned into a challenge and embodied in the new definition of Internal
Auditing from the Institute of Internal Auditors (the IIA).
Background of the Study
The Government of the Republic of Ghana by the Internal Audit Agency A ct, 2003 (Act 658)
ished the Inter
nal Audit Age
ncy “as an apex oversight body to co-ord
provide quality assurance for Internal Audit activities within the public sector” (Section 16 of Act
). The Inte
ue lies in how wel
l he has been abl
e to cont
ute to the
achievement of the overall organisati
onal objective. The Internal
Auditor should constantly s
nt to hi
on by pr
ent take decis
ions that impact positi
vely on their ability to achieve the organ
However, according to research and surveys conducted by Deloitte & Touche (2004) and the
Internal Audit Agency of Ghana (2006), much of the work of Internal Audit has been very
restrictive in terms of scope. This needs to be addressed if the required return on investment in
the Internal Audit activity is to be attained.
Research proposal – SB/MAC/08/0005
Have you tried writing your very own research paper or your scientific paper perhaps? While it is obvious as well as it is clear enough that there are tons of writing styles out there that areÂ definitely useful as well as it gives you more convenience and ease on writing, one of the mostly used and currently hold the standard for writing these kinds of papers is the American Psychological Association or APA method.
Perhaps having a look at theseÂ Sample PapersÂ may be useful for you in giving and providing you key information as well as relevant ideologies and such.
Sample APA Research Paperthewritesource.com
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APA Formatted Paper Exampledepts.washington.edu
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APA Style Paper Formatlib.jjay.cuny.edu
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Sample APA Paperwwwcc.ivytech.edu
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APA Paper For Students in PDFuv.es
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Quick Tips and Guidelines in Using the APA Writing Style
Generally, the APA or the American Psychological Association, as how wikiHow would want to define it as, is one of the most commonly used styles for writing research and scientific papers, usually leaning to the areas of business, mathematics, psychology, sociology, economics, criminal justice as well as nursing. As it may seem intimidating to write in this style of writing, you can find some quick tips as well as some useful guidelines below to help you get started with writing your very own scientific research paper.
You can also check out this pageâ€™sÂ Sample Research PapersÂ as well as theseÂ Sample Notebook Papers,Â which you may also find interesting as well as helpful.
Here are some pointers on how to write utilizing APA style:
- Familiarize yourself with the APAâ€™s publication manual â€“ get yourself a copy of the APAâ€™s publication manual. According to wikiHow, this includes specific and detailed information when writing your very own APA-cited scientific and research paper. Apart from that, getting the APAâ€™s publication manual also includes internet sources, charts and tables, as well as updates on the standard of the APA writing style. And it is always better to keep yourself up to date.
College APA Paper Freewou.edu
Size: 961 KB
Quick Tips and Guidelines on Using the APA Writing Style (continued)
- See to it that the word processing software application that you use has templates or style guides for APA â€“ few examples of those word processing software that has a built-in feature of APA writing style are WordPerfect, EasyOffice, and Microsoft Word.
- Know your manuscriptâ€™s format or, better yet, plan the big picture for your manuscript â€“ This would generally mean paying attention to technical as well as mechanical details, which would include line spacing, typeface, page headers as well as margins.
- Have every detail in the proper order â€“ according to wikiHow, this part would mean that every page should be specifically numbered in order and have it separated from the other sections. Also, before submitting your manuscript, it is recommended to number it consecutively starting with page number one as your title page, followed by page number two as your abstract, and page three as the beginning of your main text. After the main text, the references begin followed by the tables and then the figures after the tables. After all of those would be the appendix in which each would begin on a new page.
Furthermore, you can also check out theseÂ APA Cover Page SamplesÂ that you might also find useful.