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Sample research paper pdf

Apr 9, 2018

What follows is a hypothetical example of a research paper based on an experiment.

The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram Study. Now you want to write the research paper for it. (Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study.)

Here's a shortened example of a research article that MIGHT have been written.

DISCLAIMER: This article is not written by Stanley Milgram, but is intended as an example of a psychology research paper that someone might have written after conducting the first Milgram-study. It's presented here for educational purposes.

Normally you would use double spacing in the paper.

EXAMPLE OF A RESEARCH PAPER

.

--- START OF EXAMPLE ---

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"Behavioral Study of Obedience"

by [author], [University]

1961

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Abstract

There are few facts about the role of obedience when committing acts against one’s personal conscience (1961). Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people are capable of administering pain to an ordinary citizen if they are ordered to do so. Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority. The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness. The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.
 

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Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.
In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". The author wanted to test this claim. Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders? Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?
The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order.

Methods

Participants
There were 30 male participants. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
Instruments
A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room. The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in 15-volt increments all the way up to 450 volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.
Procedures
The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor ("learner") every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner.
The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released. Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue.

Results

Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks. 14 persons did not obey the experimenter and stopped before reaching the highest levels. All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to 300 volts.

Discussion/Conclusion

Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter. Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable. The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so. It provides evidence that this dynamic is far more important than previously believed, and that personal ethics are less predictive of such behavior.

[New Page]

References

[Read more about references here]

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THE SCIENTIFIC FORMAT: A RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE:

Page 1:

Title, Author, Work/School

Page 2:

Abstract: A short summary of the article.

Page 3-:

Introduction

Current theories about the topic. What are the hypothesis for the paper?

Methods

What method used.

Results

What were the results obtained?

Discussion and Conclusion

What are our thought about the results compared to other relevant theories.

References

Through the text there are references, sources of knowledge, which you've used. Citing those will give you more credibility because good research is thought to be based on other knowledge and empirical (observed) evidence.

Tables, Figures, Appendix

.

People with goals succeed because they know where they're going. Earl Nightingale Be true to yourself and surround yourself with positive, supportive people. Payal Kadakia It's not a faith in technology. It's faith in people. Steve Jobs We are a country where people of all backgrounds, all nations of origin, all languages, all religions, all races, can make a home. America was built by immigrants. Hillary Clinton A perfect dinner for me is being with people I really want to be with. It starts and stops with my company and my family. Catherine Bach Some people ask the secret of our long marriage. We take time to go to a restaurant two times a week. A little candlelight, dinner, soft music and dancing. She goes Tuesdays, I go Fridays. Henny Youngman

Pro

mot

ing Goo

d Gove

rna

nce in Pub

lic Ins

titu

tio

ns

of Ghana: The Role of the Internal Auditor

Introduction

All over the world there is a realization that the Internal Audit activity has the potential to

 pr

ovi

de hit

her

to unp

ara

lle

led ser

vic

es to man

agem

ent in the con

duct of the

ir dut

ies

. Thi

s

 potential has been turned into a challenge and embodied in the new definition of Internal

Auditing from the Institute of Internal Auditors (the IIA).

Background of the Study

The Government of the Republic of Ghana by the Internal Audit Agency A ct, 2003 (Act 658)

establ

ished the Inter

nal Audit Age

ncy “as an apex oversight body to co-ord

inate, facili

tate and

 provide quality assurance for Internal Audit activities within the public sector” (Section 16 of Act

658

). The Inte

rna

l Audi

tor’

s val

ue lies in how wel

l he has been abl

e to cont

rib

ute to the

achievement of the overall organisati

onal objective. The Internal

Auditor should constantly s

eek 

to ma

ke him

se

lf re

le

va

nt to hi

s or

ga

ni

sa

ti

on by pr

ovi

di

ng in

fo

rm

at

io

n th

at wi

ll ma

ke

managem

ent take decis

ions that impact positi

vely on their ability to achieve the organ

isati

onal

goals.

However, according to research and surveys conducted by Deloitte & Touche (2004) and the

Internal Audit Agency of Ghana (2006), much of the work of Internal Audit has been very

restrictive in terms of scope. This needs to be addressed if the required return on investment in

the Internal Audit activity is to be attained.

Research proposal – SB/MAC/08/0005

Page 3

Have you tried writing your very own research paper or your scientific paper perhaps? While it is obvious as well as it is clear enough that there are tons of writing styles out there that are definitely useful as well as it gives you more convenience and ease on writing, one of the mostly used and currently hold the standard for writing these kinds of papers is the American Psychological Association or APA method.

Perhaps having a look at these Sample Papers may be useful for you in giving and providing you key information as well as relevant ideologies and such.

Sample APA Research Paper

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APA Formatted Paper Example

apa formatted paper exampledepts.washington.edu

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APA Style Paper Format

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Sample APA Paper

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APA Paper For Students in PDF

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Quick Tips and Guidelines in Using the APA Writing Style

Generally, the APA or the American Psychological Association, as how wikiHow would want to define it as, is one of the most commonly used styles for writing research and scientific papers, usually leaning to the areas of business, mathematics, psychology, sociology, economics, criminal justice as well as nursing. As it may seem intimidating to write in this style of writing, you can find some quick tips as well as some useful guidelines below to help you get started with writing your very own scientific research paper.

You can also check out this page’s Sample Research Papers as well as these Sample Notebook Papers, which you may also find interesting as well as helpful.

Here are some pointers on how to write utilizing APA style:

College APA Paper Free

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Quick Tips and Guidelines on Using the APA Writing Style (continued)

Furthermore, you can also check out these APA Cover Page Samples that you might also find useful.

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