Scientific paper writing format
Apr 23, 2018
Scientific writing has been recognized as a key ingredient in
science and technology because of the need to share ideas and
findings. Distinguished scientists have stated that the writing of
a paper may account for “half the importance” of any scientific
work. Indeed, successfully publishing papers is the primary
indicator of a scientist’s performance. Yet students rarely receive
any training in scientific writing. Their only way to learn what the
main components of a paper are and how papers are organized
is by intuition, which may be ineffective and/or inefficient, or
by trial and error, which may waste a lot of their time and hurt
their confidence. Consequently, scientists at various levels in
their careers often end up writing papers with poor grammar
and structure and that lack clear focus. Many such papers do not
get published despite their valuable contributions.
Having to communicate in English is necessary in today’s
world. English is now the lingua franca not only of science, but
also of the speedy communications we depend on, namely the
Internet, the World Wide Web, social media, crowdsourcing,
and other information-sharing resources.
The challenge of producing well-written papers is especially
hard for non-native speakers of English, who account for the
majority of scientists around the world. Effective scientific writing
requires both mastery of the English language and proficiency in
the specific academic genre.
Many years of teaching courses in scientific writing have taught us that the combination of the language barrier and
the lack of knowledge of the academic writing style can have a
detrimental effect on the quality of writing produced by nonnatives
in English, and even by many who are native English speakers. In many cases, students are unable to identify
their main difficulties and whether these are the result of the
lack of English proficiency or of their poor organization of ideas.
Students seldom realize that it is harder to produce (that is,
write) in a foreign language than to consume (that is, read and
We have developed a strategy to tackle the problems faced
by writers who are new to the scientific writing genre and style.
This strategy can help both non-natives attempting to overcome
the language barrier and native speakers of English. The strategy
consists of using a variety of techniques and tools. Using this
strategy will help students grasp the skills necessary for language-independent
scientific writing. The strategy, its techniques, and
its tools are at the heart of this book. We provide a complete
roadmap for you, our reader, to learn the skills necessary to write
well and successfully.
Chapter 1 lays out the specific characteristics of scientific
writing and how it differs from other writing styles. Chapter 2 is
devoted to the models that define scientific writing.
You cannot write a good paper without reading good papers.
In Chapter 3, we offer you an efficient and effective technique
for reading many publications. This should
help you not only with your writing skills, but also with your
general research tasks. Chapter 3 will also teach you how to read
and annotate documents to build your own collection of well-written
text samples. This collection is referred to as a corpus.
Chapter 4 introduces the notion of corpus linguistics, which is
a linguistics-based approach that uses text collections to help
you determine the most appropriate language patterns for your
own writing. Chapter 5 walks you through a set of computer-based
tools that can guide you through the writing process and
help you verify that your writing achieves your goals as best as
possible. Finally, Chapter 6 teaches you how to systematically
identify textual patterns that are prevalent in each section of a
scientific paper. Learning to use these patterns well will aid you
in writing papers using the language and style accepted by your
Below the running head, the following are centered on their own lines, using upper and lower case:
On the line below the page number, the running head is typed flush left (all uppercase) following the words "Running head:"Tables & Illustrations Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the text they refer to.
A table is labeled Table and given a number (e.g., Table 1). The table label and caption or title appear above the table, capitalized like a title, flush left. Sources and notes appear below the table, flush left.
Photos, graphs, charts or diagrams should be labeled Figure (usually abbreviate Fig.), and assigned a number (e.g., Fig. 1). The label, title, and source (if any) appear underneath the figure, flush left, in a continuous block of text rather than one element per line.Unless your teacher tells you otherwise, tables and illustrations appear at the end of the paper.
Each table begins on a separate page with the label Table 1 (etc.) typed flush left on the first line below the page number. Double-space and type the table title flush left (italicized using uppercase and lowercase letters).
Figures Captions appear on the last numbered page of the paper. In this case the label Figure 1 (etc.) is italicized and the caption itself is not. The caption uses regular sentence capitalization. The figures themselves follow, one per page.
Science Research Paper
Basic Format For Writing Science Research Paper
Most of the science students have misconception that as they are science students that donâ€™t need to improve either writing skills but they forget that they will be someday assigned to write science research paper. In order to analyze the studentâ€™s knowledge of science theories, teachers usually assign them to write science research papers.
If you are also a science student than you need to know the two important things before composing a science research paper:
- The format
- The research paper content.
Whenever one of the preceding aspects falls week, the research paper on science gets week, therefore, we have decided to provide you basic format for writing a good research paper on science.
Science Research Paper Format
It should be eye-catching depicting the main ideas of the research paper, a word of advice is not to include words like â€œa brief guide toâ€¦.â€ or â€œa study of...â€ because it is understood that itâ€™s a research paper, say something that people donâ€™t know.
An abstract shows the main concept of the paper that is usually not more than 250 words, you will have to write the central idea to the paper, hypothesis, the material which will discussed later on and the resources used.
Here, you will discuss the research methodology you would be adopting to conduct research work in the science research paper, this will also include the tools and techniques you would be utilizing in the paper.
You will introduce the topic for science research paper underlining the problem as well, here; you would be stating the thesis statement as well.
Here, you will be providing the end results of all the research work you have conducted for science research paper. Generally, there are three ways of illustrating results.
- Point by point.
- Tables orÂ graphs
- Classification methods
Discuss A to Z research work by employing the research methodology, illustrate the points in details along with the supporting evidence and also provide a reasonable argument for how you reached the above told results and why?
You will document all sources that you have used during science research paper, there are usually two ways student adopt while writing papers, that are:
There are other types of referencing style as well, but the above two mentioned styles are mostly preferred in universities and colleges.
This is the section where you will be defining the terms that are difficult and might confuse the readers.
The format will help you divide the sections and arranging them into an organized way, write your science research paper according to the above told proper format and you will see how much your teacher get impressed by you!
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People sleep peaceably in their beds at night only because rough men stand ready to do violence on their behalf. George Orwell