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Thesis dissertation services ucf football

May 5, 2018

Outstanding people have one thing in common: An absolute sense of mission. Zig Ziglar

It’s My Life

My name is Ann Smith. I am a senior in high school. Everyone can agree that I am a good student and that I like to study. My favorite subjects are chemistry and biology. I am going to enter the university because my goal is to study these subjects in future and to become a respected professional in one of the fields.

I can say that I am a responsible and a hard-working student. Moreover, being a sociable person, I have many friends since I like to communicate with people and get to know new interesting individuals. I enjoy my time at school: it is really nice to study and the students are very friendly and ready to help. The atmosphere cannot but make me want to go there every time. I like to receive and deal with challenging tasks. I am a very enthusiastic student and I think this is a strong point of mine.

My friends say that I am a very funny and an interesting girl with a good sense of humor. As soon as I meet new people who are happy to meet me, I feel extremely comfortable with them. I believe that friendship is one of the most important values in human life. We exchange new ideas, find many interesting things about each other and experience new things. I appreciate friendship and people who surround me.

Every time I do my best to be a…

Some Essential Tips On How To Write An Essay About Yourself

No matter what’s the purpose of your essay, there is a preset number of points that you will be expected to address.

The main line should be that you are not a robot, and that it is your feelings and emotions that define you as a personality. Do not get stuck with material possessions and what you have achieved in life. That has to do only with a small portion of who you are.

Avoid Unclear Definitions

It is really easy to get lost when you are writing something as vague and as perspective-oriented as an essay about yourself. People tend to choose a number of themes of who they are and try to describe them all.

That would be very confusing for the reader. Not to mention that it would be hard to write and navigate in between those themes. After all, very few people know you well enough, and it is almost certain that your essay is going to be read mostly by strangers or just people who know you marginally.

What you do instead is pick one theme: which light do you want to be seen in? Once you have answered that question, you are ready to go. Stay true to the theme, and you will get a coherent piece that will get you a good grade.

If you are going to write your own essay from the scratch, our manual on «How to write an essay» will be useful for you.

Thesis and Dissertation Manual NOTE: This online manual includes all of the text in the paper manual but does not include the forms and sample pages. You can review the forms and sample pages in the copies on reserve at the Reference Services Desk (second floor) in the UCF Library.

For your convenience, the online manual is stored as one web page so you can print all of it at one time (a total of about 10 printed pages).

This manual is intended to serve as a guide for the preparation, submission, and acceptance of master's theses and doctoral dissertations that are to be bound and archived in the University of Central Florida Library. This manual sets requirements for th esis/dissertation format established by Graduate Studies at the University of Central Florida. Its use ensures consistency in format and appearance for all theses/dissertations completed at the University of Central Florida. Preparation of the thesis/di ssertation must be in accordance with instructions in this manual.

While students' academic departments and advisory committees are responsible for the subject matter and content of theses and dissertations, Graduate Studies (AD 243) establishes standards and criteria for format. Many of the formatting requirements, suc h as placement of page numbers and treatment of margins, exist to facilitate publication of final documents by the bindery and by University Microfilms Inc.

An approved style manual must be used in conjunction with this manual. Style manuals are to be consulted for reference citations, tables, figures, formulas and equations, and any additional formatting procedures not covered here. However , this Graduate Studies Thesis and Dissertation Manual is to be followed for specific UCF format requirements and takes precedence over the style manuals.

In general, students should follow the most recent edition of either the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) or the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. You can buy these manuals in the UCF Bookstore, find them in most libraries, or use the online sources on the Internet.

Liberal arts students may find the MLA handbook most useful. Students in the sciences should use the APA manual as it includes instructions for formulas and scientific abbreviations.

Approved style manuals include the following:

If you have questions about thesis/dissertation format that are not addressed satisfactorily here or in your discipline's style manual, consult your advisor and the thesis/dissertation editor. Final responsibility for the thesis/dissertation is the author's. Formatting must be consistent and correct. The University reserves the right to refuse any manuscript that does not observe format guidelines, that is not neat and legible, or that is not in suitable condition for microfilming and/or binding. Under the doctrine of "Fair Use," up to 200 words from one source may be used without permission, if full credit is given to the source in notes and references. However, the use of any table or figure (including photographs, charts, etc.) or of quoted ma terial that exceeds 200 words must be authorized, in writing, by the copyright holder.

If such copyright permissions are required, the student is responsible for contacting the copyright holder and obtaining the necessary written releases. Copies of written permissions should be included in an appendix of the thesis/dissertation.

Because all UCF doctoral dissertations are microfilmed by University Microfilms Inc. (UMI), written releases should include permission for microfilming.

Return to Contents   ||   Manuscript Format   ||   Page Format

The UCF Library requires all copies of the thesis/dissertation to be produced on white bond, 81/2 x 11 inch, minimum 20 lb., watermarked, 100% cotton paper. Other copies to be bound or sent to University Microfilms Inc. should be on white bond, minimum 2 0 lb., 25% cotton paper.

Any smooth, flat-surface paper that will produce a clear copy may be used for the original typed manuscript. A letter-quality printer or laser printer produces the best original from which to reproduce copies. Dot matrix printing is unacceptable. Copie s may be reproduced by offset printing or professional photocopying.

All copy must be clean. Pages with background shading, machine discolorations, or errors caused by printers or photocopiers are unacceptable. Text must be straight on each page. While any correction technique may be used on the original manuscript prio r to reproduction, corrections are not permitted on final copies.

Responsibility for obtaining acceptable copies rests with the student. Do not make final copies until the manuscript is reviewed by the thesis/dissertation editor.

The UCF Library requires two copies of the thesis/dissertation on thesis paper. A departmental copy may also be required on thesis paper (check with adviser). For dissertations, an additional copy is required for University Microfil ms Inc. The number of extra copies (personal copies) is determined by the student. Choose a standard, easy-to-read typeface such as Courier, Times New Roman, or CG Times. The point size for all text must be 12. You may make major division headings slightly larger (14 points) if desired, but use no more than three different sizes throu ghout the manuscript.

It is sometimes necessary to reduce the point size to fit a table or figure onto a page. In these cases, the smallest point size allowed is 10.

Words or phrases normally underlined to show emphasis may be set in italics. Do not use bolding for emphasis.

Items of unique format, such as previously issued questionnaires or surveys, may be included in an appendix.

Nearly every element of the manuscript must be double-spaced.

Items that may be single-spaced include references, lengthy quotations (40 words or more), and long tables. Other items that may be single-spaced are identified throughout this manual.

The first line of a paragraph should never be the last line on a page; the last line of a paragraph should never be the first line on a page. Most word processors have a widow/orphan protect feature that prevents this from happening.

The first line of each new paragraph should be indented using the Tab key. Most word processors already have the paragraph tab set at 1/2 inch (.5), which is acceptable.

Margins must be at least 11/2 inches on the left and 1 inch on all other sides. The first page of certain preliminary sections (Approval Page, Title Page, Abstract, Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, and any Lists), the first page of chapters or major s ections, and the first page of the List of References, Endnotes, and Index require a 2-inch top margin.

All textual material, including page numbers, tables, and figures must meet margin requirements.

An uneven, or ragged, right margin is suggested, but some colleges prefer a justified right margin.

The manuscript should be organized using major chapter or section headings and two or three levels of subheadings. More than three levels of subheadings makes it difficult for a reader to recognize the hierarchy of your document's organization.

Each chapter begins on a new page. A chapter heading begins two inches from the top of the page and is typed in all capitals and centered (without punctuation at the end). It is not underlined.

Begin the text two double-spaces below the heading (titles in all capitals). (Since the document is double-spaced, simply press Enter, or Return, twice.)

Within each chapter or major section, up to three subheading levels are allowed:

All subheadings must be preceded by two double-spaces and followed by one double-space. (Since the document is double-spaced, press Enter twice before and once after each subheading.) Spacing before and after subheadings must be consistent throughout th e manuscript.

A subheading that falls at the top of a new page should begin at the 1-inch top margin; it should not be preceded by any spaces. A subheading should never appear as the last line of text on a page; it should be moved to the top of the following page.

If chapters or sections are numbered, subheadings may also be numbered (1.1, 1.2, 1.21, etc.) consistently. Place each number on the same line as the subheading, with a constant space between the number and the subheading.

On the preliminary pages of the manuscript, lower-case Roman numerals are centered at the bottom of the page. Although the title page is considered page i, actually begin numbering on the first page following the abstract -- usually the dedication or acknowledgments page. For the rest of the manuscript, Arabic numbers are centered at the bottom of all pages. Table 1 outlines the proper order and numbering of pages in a thesis/dissertation.

No punctuation is used with page numbers.

Page numbers must follow margin requirements; numbers must be 1 inch from the bottom edge of the page.

Some word processors, such as WordPerfect, place the page number at the margin specified and leave adequate space between the text and the number.

However, if the word processor used requires that page numbers be part of a footer, as Microsoft Word does, the bottom page margin should be set at 11/2 inches. The footer margin can then be set at 1 inch, and a few spaces will exist between the text and the page numbers.

Table 1. Numbering Your Manuscript Pages

MANUSCRIPT PAGES (in order) PAGE NUMBERING PLACEMENT Roman Numerals Thesis/Dissertation Approval Form Title Page Considered page i - not numbered Copyright Page (optional) Considered page ii if present - not numbered Abstract Considered page ii or iii - not numbered Dedication (optional) Begin lower-case Roman numerals - page number depends on previous pages Acknowledgments (optional) Begin numbering here if no Dedication page Table of Contents Continue numbering with Roman numerals List of Tables (if necessary) Continue numbering with Roman numerals List of Figures (if necessary) Continue numbering with Roman numerals List of Symbols or Abbreviations Continue numbering with Roman numerals (if necessary) Arabic Numbering Introduction (optional) Begin Arabic numbering on page 1 Body Begin numbering here if no Introduction Appendixes Continue Arabic numbering Endnotes (if necessary) Continue Arabic numbering List of References Continue Arabic numbering Index (optional) Continue Arabic numbering All tables and figures must follow the format of the approved style manual being used. General guidelines for table and figure formatting are given below.

Tables and figures (photographs, charts, diagrams, graphs, maps, and other illustrative material) must be placed within the manuscript as close as possible to the parts of text they supplement. If possible, place them directly following the first referen ce to them in the text.

In the text, refer to tables and figures by their numbers (e.g., as shown in Table 7; Figure 4 contains).

Tables and figures small enough to appear on a page with text should be set apart from the text with two double-spaces.

All tables and figures must meet margin requirements. Wide tables and figures may be placed sideways (landscape) on the page with the table number and title or top of the figure at the left 11/2 inch margin. The page number must be in the usual upright position on the page. Printing the page number on a landscape table/figure requires you to feed the paper through your printer twice: once to print the table/figure (landscape orientation), and once to print the page number (portrait orientation).

Tables that are too wide to meet margin specifications may be reduced to no smaller than 10 points. Oversize figures that are not computer-generated may be photographically or xerographically reduced to meet margin specifications. Page numbers, table ti tles and numbers, and figure captions on these pages should remain 12 points.

All tabular information must have the same typeface as the rest of the text. Tables should be labeled Table and numbered consecutively, with Arabic numbers, throughout the text and appendixes. Each table must have a title. Table numbers and titles prece de the table and are typed at the left margin.

Place table sources and/or notes at the left margin, immediately below the table to which they refer. Tables are usually double-spaced throughout (from the table number to the table notes). Extremely long tables may be single-spaced. Table titles and ta ble notes that exceed one line may be single-spaced.

Tables that are too long for a single page (sideways or upright) may be continued on the following right-hand page. Do not repeat the table title or number or use the word continued. Simply repeat the column headings and continue the table.

A degree of flexibility exists with table structure. Tables must have a "clean" format. Use horizontal lines to separate sections of a table, but limit the use of vertical lines. Tables must be consistent in size and style throughout the document.

All figures must be labeled Figure and numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers, throughout the text and appendixes. Legends (explanatory lists of symbols on a map/chart) are considered part of the figure and should appear within it, if possible.

Each figure must have a caption (title/description). Captions are placed at the left margin, immediately below the figure. Biology students following a journal format may place captions on the facing page (i.e., the back side of the previous page), if re quired. Captions must have the same typeface as the rest of the text in the manuscript. Captions exceeding one line may be single-spaced.

Colored ink is not permitted. For example, lines on a graph should be identified by labels or symbols rather than color. Use crosshatching instead of color to shade areas, such as regions on a map. Colored photographs should be reprinted in black and w hite unless otherwise approved by the student's adviser.

Photographs must be developed with a matte finish on 81/2 x 11 inch medium-weight paper, or dry-mounted on thesis paper.

Other items that cannot be computer-generated must be either xerographically reproduced or dry-mounted on thesis paper. Glue, tape, or paste are not permitted as these materials eventually deteriorate. All items must be perfectly aligned and positioned.

All equations, formulas, and symbols must follow the format of the approved style manual being used. They must be presented with the same degree of professionalism as figures.

Symbols (square root signs, integral signs, Greek letters, etc.) should be computer-generated or mechanically drawn or typed. Press-on symbols may be used on original pages that are to be photocopied but may not be used in the final copies on thesis paper . Handwritten symbols are unacceptable.

Double-space twice before and twice after each equation or formula. Number each consecutively. Place the number in parentheses near the right margin of the page.

Items of unique format originally issued in a different typeface or on different paper, such as previously issued questionnaires or surveys, may be included in an appendix. Original blueprints are not acceptable. Unique format items must adhere to margin requirements and must be reproduced on thesis paper. Reference citations, the reference list, and any endnotes must conform to either the APA or MLA style manual. Both APA and MLA use a parenthetical citation style in which brief parenthetical citations are included within the text. Citations provide just enough information for readers to locate the full citation in an alphabetical list of references at the end of the manuscript.

If notes are necessary, use endnotes rather than footnotes. Endnotes are notes gathered in a separate section and placed before the List of References. Footnotes are notes printed at the bottom of text pages.

A properly formatted manuscript is consistent in all areas. Spacing, capitalization, punctuation, and sizing must be consistent throughout the document.

If one chapter heading has been sized at 13 points, all chapter headings must be 13 points. All subheadings must be preceded by two double-spaces and followed by one double-space. If a table heading that spans two lines is single-spaced, all table headi ngs that span more than one line must be single-spaced.

It is highly recommended that students keep track of formatting decisions on a "style sheet." Using a style sheet eliminates frequent double-checking and ensures consistency throughout the manuscript.

Many word processors have a function called "Styles," which allows users to save formatting information and apply it to selected text whenever desired. For example, rather than formatting each first-level subheading (underlined, centered, two double-spac es before, one double-space after), you can create a style with the desired formatting and apply that style to each first-level subheading. If used correctly, the Styles feature can help you prepare a consistent manuscript and save time in formatting rev isions.

Return to Contents   ||   Manuscript Format   ||   Page Format

The following sections provide guidelines for formatting specific pages of the thesis/dissertation. Pages are listed in the order they should appear in a thesis/dissertation.

We have provided sample pages for you to view. Keep in mind that different browsers may display these pages not as intended. Refer to the Thesis and Dissertation Manual for an accurate sample of these pages. Please select a page from this list:

The Thesis/Dissertation Approval page should be the first page in the manuscript. An approval page on thesis paper, with original black ink signatures, is required for both library copies (one in each copy). Additional copies may be photocopied for inse rtion in all other copies.

Approval forms that have been typed incorrectly, even though they have already been signed, will be returned to the student. Forms with signatures in blue ink are unacceptable.

Degrees previously earned and the institutions that awarded them may be placed beneath the student's name. Degree abbreviations may not follow the student's name.

The title page for a dissertation must include the name of the major professor approximately 1 inch below the graduation date.

Students wishing to copyright their thesis/dissertation must register their work with the U.S. Copyright Office.

Doctoral candidates can complete the "Authorization to Apply for Registration of My Claim to Copyright" section of the Doctoral Dissertation Agreement Form sent to University Microfilms Inc. (UMI). For a $35 fee, UMI will act as an agent with the U.S. C opyright Office.

Whether or not a copyright claim is filed, a copyright page may be included after the title page to acknowledge copyright ownership. The year of publication and the author's full name should be centered vertically and horizontally on the page.

The abstract page should be an essay-style summary of the purposes, methodology, findings or results, and conclusions. It cannot contain tables or figures of any kind. It is double-spaced. The heading ABSTRACT should be centered, without punctuation, a t the 2-inch top margin. Text begins two double-spaces below the heading. If more than one page is necessary, continue on the following page at the 1-inch top margin. Do not repeat the heading or use the word continued.

For dissertations, a copy of the abstract must be submitted for publication in Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI). This abstract will be mailed to UMI. Maximum length of the abstract is 350 words (approximately 35 lines of text). Numbers, symbo ls, and abbreviations each count as one word. Care must be taken in the preparation of the DAI abstract, because it will be published without further editing or revision.

Please note that the abstract actually included in the dissertation is not limited by DAI requirements. The student may include an abstract in the dissertation that is longer than the one submitted to UMI.

If desired, the student may include a statement of dedication. This statement should be brief and centered vertically on the page. No heading is used on this page. This page is also optional, but most dissertations include a brief statement of thanks for, or recognition of, any special assistance. The word ACKNOWLEDGMENTS should be centered, without punctuation, at the 2-inch top margin. Text begins two double-spa ces below the heading. The heading TABLE OF CONTENTS is centered, without punctuation, at the 2-inch top margin. The first listing begins two double-spaces below the heading. Items listed must be worded exactly as they appear in the manuscript, including any numbers used.

Chapter or section headings and at least all first-level subheadings must be listed in the Table of Contents. Do not list pages that precede the Table of Contents. Appendixes must be listed also.

If more than one page is necessary, continue on the following page at the 1-inch top margin. Do not repeat the heading or use the word continued.

The format for lists is similar to the Table of Contents. The heading LIST OF TABLES is centered, without punctuation, at the 2-inch top margin. The first listing begins at the left margin two double-spaces below the heading (press Enter twice).

Each table in the manuscript, including those in the appendixes, must be included in the List of Tables. Table titles must match those in the text.

If more than one page is necessary, continue on the following page at the 1-inch top margin. Do not repeat the heading or use the word continued.

Use the same format for the List of Tables, List of Figures, List of Symbols, Abbreviations, or Nomenclature, and other lists in the preliminary pages.

If desired, the student may begin the body of the manuscript with an Introduction. This copy is usually considered the first major section or chapter. Formatting is detailed in the Manuscript Format Requirements section. Items of unique format, such as previously issued questionnaires or surveys, may be included in an appendix. Copies of written permission to use copyrighted material must also be included in an appendix.

Margin requirements and paper specifications must be met. Appendixes are titled, lettered alphabetically, and separated by buffer pages. The appendix letter and title should be capitalized and centered at the 2-inch top margin of each buffer page.

If endnotes are necessary, the heading ENDNOTES is centered, without punctuation, at the 2-inch top margin. Begin the first note two double-spaces beneath the text.

If more than one page is necessary, continue on the following page at the 1-inch top margin. Do not repeat the heading or use the word continued.

History students are required by their department to follow a specific endnote style. A handout describing the required endnote style for history is available from the thesis/dissertation editor.

Each source cited in the text must be included in the List of References. The List of References may not include items that are not cited in the text.

The heading LIST OF REFERENCES is centered, without punctuation, at the 2-inch top margin. The reference list may be single-spaced as long as double-spacing is used between citations. A hanging indent (first line flush left, other lines indented) for ea ch citation in the list is preferred.

If more than one page is necessary, continue on the following page at the 1-inch top margin. Do not repeat the heading or use the word continued.

Return to Contents   ||   Manuscript Format   ||   Page Format

This manual is maintained by the UCF Thesis and Publications Office, Graduate Studies.
Last updated 5/12/97
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